Appendix: The Corruption at Heart Manifest
Judges 17 – 21
Judges 17 – 21
O U T L I N E
Sin Against God: Will-worship in Dan
Judges 17 – 18
Judges 17 – 18
- Micah’s Theft, the Creation of an Idol (17:1-6)
- Micah Pays a Levite to be His Idolatrous Priest (17:7-13)
- The Five Danites Come to Micah’s House (18:1-6)
- The Five Danites Spy Out the City of Laish (18:7-13)
- The Danites Steal Micah’s Idol and His Priest (18:14-26)
- The Danites Slaughter Laish, Rename it Dan, and Set Up Idolatry (18:27-31)
Micah’s Theft, the Creation of an Idol (17:1-6)
1 And there was a man of mount Ephraim, whose name was Micah. 2 And he said to his mother, The eleven hundred silver-pieces that were taken from thee, and about which thou didst curse and speak of in mine ears, behold, the silver is with me; I took it. And his mother said, Blessed be my son of Jehovah! 3 And he restored the eleven hundred silver-pieces to his mother; and his mother said, I had dedicated the silver to Jehovah from my hand for my son, to make a graven image and a molten image; and now I will restore it to thee. 4 Now he restored the silver to his mother; and his mother took two hundred silver-pieces and gave them to the founder, and he made of them a graven image and a molten image; and they were in the house of Micah. 5 And the man Micah had a house of gods, and made an ephod and teraphim, and consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest. 6 In those days there was no king in Israel; every man did what was right in his own eyes.
Micah Pays a Levite to be His Idolatrous Priest (17:7-13)
7 And there was a young man out of Bethlehem-Judah of the family of Judah, who was a Levite, and he sojourned there. 8 And the man departed from the city, from Bethlehem-Judah, to sojourn where he might find a place. And as he journeyed, he came to mount Ephraim, to the house of Micah. 9 And Micah said to him, Whence comest thou? And he said to him, I am a Levite of Bethlehem-Judah, and I go to sojourn where I may find a place. 10 And Micah said to him, Dwell with me, and be to me a father and a priest, and I will give thee yearly ten silver-pieces, and a suit of garments, and thy victuals. And the Levite went in. 11 And the Levite was content to dwell with the man; and the young man was to him as one of his sons. 12 And Micah consecrated the Levite; and the young man became his priest, and was in the house of Micah. 13 Then said Micah, Now I know that Jehovah will do me good, because I have the Levite for priest.
The Five Danites Come to Micah’s House (18:1-6)
1 In those days there was no king in Israel, and in those days the tribe of the Danites sought for themselves an inheritance to dwell in; for to that day their lot had not fallen to them for inheritance among the tribes of Israel. 2 And the children of Dan sent of their family five men of their whole number, men of valour, from Zoreah and from Eshtaol, to spy out the land, and to examine it; and they said to them, Go, examine the land. And they came to the hill-country of Ephraim, to the house of Micah, and lodged there. 3 When they were by the house of Micah, they knew the voice of the young man, the Levite; and they turned in thither, and said to him, Who brought thee hither? and what doest thou in this place? and what hast thou here? 4 And he said to them, Thus and thus has Micah done to me; and he has hired me, and I am his priest. 5 And they said to him, Inquire, we pray thee, of God, that we may know whether our way on which we go shall be prosperous. 6 And the priest said to them, Go in peace: before Jehovah is your way on which ye go.
The Five Danites Spy Out the City of Laish (18:7-13)
7 And the five men departed, and came to Laish; and they saw the people that were therein, dwelling securely, after the manner of the Zidonians, quiet and secure; and no one was in the land who possessed authority, that might put them to shame in anything; and they were far from the Zidonians, and had nothing to do with any man. 8 — And they came to their brethren at Zoreah and Eshtaol. And their brethren said to them, What say ye? 9 And they said, Arise, and let us go up against them; for we have seen the land, and behold, it is very good; and ye are still! Be not slothful to go, to enter to take possession of the land. 10 When ye go in, ye shall come to a people secure, and the land is spacious in every direction; for God has given it into your hands; it is a place where there is no want of anything that is on the earth. 11 And there went from thence of the family of the Danites, out of Zoreah and out of Eshtaol, six hundred men girded with weapons of war. 12 And they went up and encamped in Kirjath-jearim, in Judah; therefore they call that place Mahaneh-Dan to this day: behold, it is behind Kirjath-jearim. 13 And they passed thence to mount Ephraim, and came to the house of Micah.
The Danites Steal Micah’s Idol and His Priest (18:14-26)
14 Then the five men that had gone to spy out the country of Laish spoke and said to their brethren, Do ye know that there is in these houses an ephod, and teraphim, and a graven image, and a molten image? And now ye know what to do. 15 And they turned thither, and came to the house of the young man the Levite, the house of Micah, and inquired after his welfare. 16 And the six hundred men of the children of Dan, girded with their weapons of war, stood at the entrance of the gate. 17 And the five men that had gone to spy out the land went up, entered in thither, and took the graven image, and the ephod, and the teraphim, and the molten image; and the priest stood at the entrance of the gate with the six hundred men that were girded with weapons of war. 18 And these came into Micah’s house, and took the carved image, the ephod, and the teraphim, and the molten image. And the priest said to them, What do ye? 19 And they said to him, Hold thy peace, lay thy hand upon thy mouth, and go with us, and be to us a father and a priest. Is it better for thee to be a priest for the house of one man, or to be priest for a tribe and a family in Israel? 20 Then the priest’s heart was glad, and he took the ephod, and the teraphim, and the graven image, and went in the midst of the people. 21 And they turned and departed, and put the little ones and the cattle and the baggage before them. 22 They were already far from the house of Micah, when the men that were in the houses near to Micah’s house were gathered together, and overtook the children of Dan. 23 And they cried to the children of Dan. And they turned their faces, and said to Micah, What aileth thee, that thou comest with such a company? 24 And he said, Ye have taken away my gods which I made, and the priest, and ye are gone away; and what have I more? and what is this that ye say to me, What aileth thee? 25 And the children of Dan said to him, Let not thy voice be heard among us, lest men of exasperated spirit run upon you, and thou lose thy life and the lives of thy household. 26 And the children of Dan went their way; and Micah saw that they were too strong for him, and he turned and went back to his house.
The Danites Slaughter Laish, Rename it Dan, and Set Up Idolatry (18:27-31)
27 And they took that which Micah had made, and the priest that he had had, and came upon Laish, upon a people quiet and secure; and they smote them with the edge of the sword, and burned the city with fire. 28 And there was no deliverer, for it was far from Zidon, and they had nothing to do with any man; and it lay in the valley that is by Beth-rehob. And they built the city and dwelt therein. 29 And they called the name of the city Dan, after the name of Dan their father, who was born to Israel; howbeit Laish was the name of the city at the first. 30 And the children of Dan set up the graven image; and Jehonathan, the son of Gershom, the son of Moses; he and his sons were priests to the tribe of Dan until the day of the captivity of the land. 31 And they set up for themselves Micah’s graven image, which he had made, all the time that the house of God was in Shiloh.