Isaac’s State Prior to Conferring the Blessing (27:1-5)
Rebekah and Jacob’s Plot to Steal the Blessing (27:6-17)
The Blessing of Jacob (27:18-29)
The Blessing of Esau (27:30-40)
In Deut. 21:17 we read about the birthright, that that natural order in families was that the oldest son would receive "a double portion of all" that a man possessed. The birthright has to do with the immediate inheritance of the older son. The blessing is different. In Hebrews 11:20 it says "By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau concerning things to come." The blessing therefore has to do with the future; i.e. extending to the descendants of the one who was blessed. Hebrews 12:16 speaks of how Esau sold his birthright. Hebrews 12:17 speaks of how he sought the blessing and was denied. Esau proved by his actions regarding the birthright that he didn't care for the portion that was promised to faith.Esau blamed the loss of his blessing on Jacob (whose name meant ‘supplanter’) as with the birthright, but the Spirit of God reveals that Esau was a profane or irreverent person, and he did not value the blessing, and therefore God refused to give it to him. This shows that God and His government are behind and above the actions of man. God may use men as instruments of His government, but the first cause (and only true cause) of the discipline that we experience is God Himself. As another has said, “People who are ever looking at second causes are led into practical infidelity”.2 Esau “found no place for repentance”; he sought the blessing without repentance.
The Aftermath (27:41-46)
- Isaac’s trembling very exceedingly was on the discovery, not only of the guilt of Jacob, but of his own will against God who had overruled him; whereon he says emphatically that he had blessed him, “yea, he shall be blessed.” Nature in Isaac sought to bless otherwise, and had seemed all but to prevail; but “by faith Isaac, blessed Jacob and Esau concerning things to come” according to God. – Kelly, William. An Exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews.
- God’s Rest, the Saint’s Rest. The Christian’s Friend: 1874.
- As men have certain moral traits which constitute a character, so nations may be said to have. Thus the prominent trait of Edom was envious dislike of the people of God. We do not find it so pronounced in any other nation…. There can be no question that the character of Edom answers to what the Lord lets us know through Isaac. “Behold, thy dwelling shall be the fatness of the earth, and of the dew of heaven from above; and by thy sword shalt thou live, and shalt serve thy brother; and it shall come to pass when thou shalt have the dominion, that thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck.” It would be hard to conceive a prediction of this nature where every word was more truly verified in the whole history of man than in the life and changes of Edom and Israel respectively. Nevertheless there is no intimation in this of their spite and vengeful hate. Living by the sword does not necessarily mean enmity; because ambitious activity often leads to a career of conquest and determination to have their own way where there is no particular enmity at work. – Kelly, William. Obadiah. Lectures on the Minor Prophets.