Exodus 13:1 – 15:21
- The Ordinance of the Passover (Ex. 12:43-50) – corresponds to the believer’s appreciation of the death of Christ, expressed formally by participating in the Lord’s Supper.
- The Consecration of the Firstborn (Ex. 13:1-2, 11-16) – corresponds to the fact that we belong to Christ, and owe our lives entirely to Him.
- The Feast of Unleavened Bread (Ex. 13:3-10) – speaks of the holy, separate walk of the believer, which is in response to the work of Christ.
Succoth: The Consecration of the Firstborn & the Feast of Unleavened Bread (13:1-16)
The Way of the Red Sea (13:17-22)
Etham: The Pillar of Cloud and Fire (13:20-22)
Pi-hahiroth: Between Migdol and the Sea (14:1-14)
Crossing the Red Sea (14:15-31)
15 And Jehovah said to Moses, Why dost thou cry unto me? Speak unto the children of Israel, that they go forward. 16 And thou, lift thy staff, and stretch out thy hand over the sea, and divide it; and the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea. 17 And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall pursue after them; and I will glorify myself in Pharaoh and in all his host, in his chariots and in his horsemen. 18 And the Egyptians shall know that I am Jehovah, when I have glorified myself in Pharaoh, in his chariots and in his horsemen. vv.15-18 A Way Through the Sea. We gather from v.15 that Moses has cried out to the Lord between v.14 and v.15. The Lord directs them to move forward. Israel was to “stand still” and yet “go forward”. So for the Christian, there is something for us to do, but it cannot be done in a legal attitude as if the outcome depended on us. Salvation is of the Lord! Moses was to lift the staff (a picture of God’s judicial power) over the sea (waters speak of death), and divide those waters (a picture of separation, or death) so that Israel could pass through on dry ground (life through death). The passage through the sea would be on one hand salvation to Israel, and on the other hand destruction to the Egyptians when they followed. The Lord would have His way with the Egyptians, and would glorify Himself in judgment over them. The Lord’s death has made the ground dry for us! The rod of Jehovah’s wrath fell on Christ in the place of death; that sea which was the barrier trapping us in the land of Egypt, preventing us from drawing near to God. The barrier opens, and the people march through death into life, set free, and reconciled to God!
The Song of Deliverance (15:1-21)
The Song of Deliverance. This song is really the culmination of the work that began in ch.12 with the Passover. F.B. Hole remarked “If Exodus 12 is that of shelter from judgment, and chapter 13 that of sanctification to God, and Exodus 14 that of salvation from the foes, Exodus 15 is that of the song of triumph.” The great theme of the song in Exodus 15 is the glory of Jehovah demonstrated by His power in delivering Israel and judging Pharaoh. The Lord didn’t command the people to sing. It was a voluntary expression of their hearts overflowing with thanksgiving. They do not sing about themselves, nor do the failures of the people come into it at all. In the song at the end of the wilderness (Deut. 32) the failures are mentioned, although it ends in victory. The sentiments of this song go higher than the people’s state of soul, even to being brought into the land and to Jehovah’s sanctuary!