Genesis 45

Joseph Reveals Himself to His Brothers
Genesis 45

Joseph Reveals Himself to His Brethren (45:1-15)

1 And Joseph could not control himself before all them that stood by him, and he cried, Put every man out from me! And no man stood with him when Joseph made himself known to his brethren. 2 And he raised his voice in weeping; and the Egyptians heard, and the house of Pharaoh heard. 3 And Joseph said to his brethren, I am Joseph. Does my father yet live? And his brethren could not answer him, for they were troubled at his presence. vv.1-3 It is interesting that in ch.44 Judah does not confess to selling Joseph into Egypt. The brothers had already acknowledged their guilt in selling Joseph in speaking to one another in ch.42. It would appear that Joseph was content with where the brothers were at by the close of ch.44, and he does not press for a public confession. There may be a lesson in this, in that there is a tendency to be exacting when it comes to demanding confessions from our brethren. Joseph was not. He made sure the deeper issues were resolved, and then he revealed himself. Joseph was now overcome with emotion. The Lord had worked tremendously in the hearts of his brethren. But before Joseph would reveal his identity, he put out everyone else from his presence. What unfolded next was a private affair, although the Egyptians heard Joseph weeping. The Lord too will have a personal exchange with His earthly brethren; “And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn… etc.” (Zech. 12:10 – 13:1). Like with Joseph’s brothers, it isn’t an instant apprehension. At first there is fear, but then growing realization, then sorrow, then joy. Like the disciples on the sea of Galilee, at first they were afraid; “And his brethren could not answer him, for they were troubled at his presence”. It is interesting that Joseph quickly adds, “Doth my father yet live?” He could have inferred that Jacob was alive from the previous confession in ch.44. Perhaps he was speaking rhetorically or simply from his heart. In type it pictures the preeminence of the Father-Son relationship. The restoration of Israel, pictured by Joseph’s brothers, pales in comparison to the Son’s zeal for the Father’s glory.
And Joseph said to his brethren, Come near to me, I pray you. And they came near. And he said, I am Joseph your brother, whom ye sold into Egypt. 5 And now, be not grieved, and be not angry with yourselves, that ye sold me hither, for God sent me before you to preserve life. 6 For the famine has been these two years in the land; and yet there are five years in which there will be neither ploughing nor harvest. 7 So God sent me before you to preserve you a remnant in the earth, and to save you alive by a great deliverance. 8 And now it was not you that sent me here, but God; and he has made me a father to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house, and governor over all the land of Egypt.
vv.4-8 Justin could have demanded their lives, but grace called them to draw near. 
Haste and go up to my father, and say to him, Thus says thy son Joseph: God has made me lord of all Egypt; come down to me, tarry not. 10 And thou shalt dwell in the land of Goshen, and thou shalt be near to me, thou, and thy sons, and thy sons` sons, and thy sheep, and thy cattle, and all that thou hast. 11 And there will I maintain thee; for yet there are five years of famine; in order that thou be not impoverished, thou, and thy household, and all that thou hast. 12 And behold, your eyes see, and the eyes of my brother Benjamin, that it is my mouth which speaks to you. 13 And tell my father of all my glory in Egypt, and of all that ye have seen, and haste and bring down my father hither. 14 And he fell on his brother Benjamin’s neck, and wept; and Benjamin wept on his neck. 15 And he kissed all his brethren, and wept upon them; and after that his brethren talked with him. 

Jacob invited to come to Egypt (45:16-28)

16 And the report was heard in Pharaoh’s house, saying, Joseph’s brethren are come. And it was good in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of his bondmen. 17 And Pharaoh said to Joseph, Say to thy brethren, Do this: load your beasts and depart, go into the land of Canaan, 18 and take your father and your households, and come to me; and I will give you the good of the land of Egypt, and ye shall eat the fat of the land. 19 And thou art commanded — this do: take waggons out of the land of Egypt for your little ones and for your wives, and take up your father, and come. 20 And let not your eye regret your stuff; for the good of all the land of Egypt shall be yours. 21 And the sons of Israel did so; and Joseph gave them waggons, according to the commandment of Pharaoh, and gave them provision for the way. 22 To each one of them all he gave changes of clothing; but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver and five changes of clothing. 23 And to his father he sent this: ten asses laden with the good things of Egypt, and ten she-asses laden with corn and bread, and food for his father by the way. 24 And he sent his brethren away, and they departed. And he said to them, Do not quarrel on the way. 
25 And they went up out of Egypt, and came into the land of Canaan to Jacob their father. 26 And they told him, saying, Joseph is still alive, and he is governor over all the land of Egypt. And his heart fainted, for he did not believe them. 27 And they spoke to him all the words of Joseph, which he had spoken to them. And he saw the waggons that Joseph had sent to carry him. And the spirit of Jacob their father revived. 28 And Israel said, It is enough: Joseph my son is yet alive; I will go and see him before I die.