Exodus 25 – 31
Collection of the Materials (25:1-9)
- Gold – divine righteousness as the quality of the Divine nature, seen in Christ. Pure gold is the deity of Christ.
- Silver – divine righteousness in atonement, redemption, and ransom, accomplished through Christ (Ex. 30:12-16; Num. 18:16).
- Copper (not brass) – divine righteousness in action, especially in judgment according to responsibility, or purification by judgment (Gen. 4:22; 2 Sam. 3:34; Rev. 1:15).
- Blue – the heavenly character of Christ, as presented in John’s gospel, the Son of God (John 3:31).
- Purple – the glory of Christ in connection with all mankind, His universal royalty, as presented in Luke’s gospel, the Son of man (Rev. 19:16).
- Scarlet – the glory of Christ in connection with Jewish royalty, as presented in Matthew’s gospel, the Son of David (Matt. 1:1).
- Fine linen, or byssus – the spotless practical righteousness of the Lord Jesus; e.g. “righteousnesses” (Rev. 19:7). Although never told it was white, we know it was.
- Goats’ hair – Christ as a true or faithful prophet, speaking the Word of God. Spun goats’ hair would have produced a rough cloth such as prophets were known to wear (Zech. 13:4; Matt. 3:4).
- Rams’ skins dyed red – Christ’s consecration or full devotion to the will of God, all the way to the point of death (dyed red, as blood). There was a “ram of consecration” (Ex. 29:26).
- Badgers’ skins – Christ’s perfect separation from sin and defilement. Badgers have a tough hide, immune to attack (although perhaps not attractive), making good shoes (Ezek. 16:10)
- Acacia-wood – a picture of the humanity of the Lord Jesus. Acacia was a tree found in Palestine at that time that doesn’t degrade when cut. In the tabernacle, this wood was often covered with precious metals such as gold, representing the incarnate Person of the Son, with the inscrutable union of humanity and deity.
- Oil for the light – the Holy Spirit as the power of testimony seen in the Lord Jesus. It was fuel for the candlestick, which gave light.
- Spices for the anointing oil – the fragrance of Christ displayed by the Holy Spirit (1 Jn. 2:27)
- Spices for the incense of fragrant drugs – the fragrance of Christ before God, brought out by fire (Ex. 30). Nadab and Abihu brought strange incense, and were slain.
- Onyx stones to be set in the ephod – the power of Christ, especially seen in the security of His people.
- Stones to be set in the breastplate – the beauties of Christ reflected by light.
The Pattern of the House. The rules and guidelines for God’s House are outlined in His Word. There was a pattern for the physical House of God in Moses’ day (Exodus 25:9), in David and Solomon’s day (1 Chron. 28:12), and there will be for the temple in a millennial day (Ezek. 43:10). What about today? Yes, there is a pattern for God's house today. We have this pattern in the epistles of 1 Corinthians, and 1 Timothy. The first takes up the order of the local assembly, and the second deals with the behavior of believers in the house of God at large. The pattern of God's House is implemented through His administration. The leading feature of the house of God is holiness. "This is the law of the house; Upon the top of the mountain the whole limit thereof round about shall be most holy. Behold, this is the law of the house" (Ezek. 43:12). “Holiness becometh thine house O Lord forever” (Psa. 93:5). We do well to remember this as those who are in God's house today.
Golden Vessels of the Tabernacle (25:10-40)
The Golden Furnishings. Each of the pieces of furniture in the tabernacle represents Christ in some aspect, and each has a unique role. The first item described is the found alone in the innermost chamber of the tabernacle: the ark of the covenant. Man’s approach to God begins on the outside, with the gate of the courtyard, but here we have God’s objective given first. In the last half of Exodus 25 we have three of the golden vessels of the tabernacle. The other golden vessel, the golden altar, is saved for after the priests’ garments are described as it has to do with priestly function.