Communion: Abraham Cooks a Meal for the Strangers (18:1-8)
- quality time (“pass not away, I pray thee”)
- cleansing (“Let now a little water be fetched, that ye may wash your feet”) – the washing of water by the Word.
- rest (“rest yourselves under the tree”) – perhaps it speaks of resting under the work of the cross. We rest where God Himself rests, under the tree.
- sustenance (“I will fetch a morsel of bread”) – feeding on Christ.
- refreshment (“and refresh yourselves”)
Blessing: Promise of a Son for Sarah, Her Laughter (18:9-15)
Intelligence: The Lord’s Plan to Judge Sodom & Gomorrah Revealed (18:16-22)
We have been brought into the confidence of Christ, such that He calls us His friends, if we obey His commandments. We cannot be His friends if we disobey His requests. A friend is different from a servant, because a friend can enjoy the full confidence of another. A servant is only told what he needs to know to fulfill his duties. A friend is told much more, those things that interest and are valued by another. A servant is left in the dark on many matters, but a friend is told the truth. So the Father and and the Son are in perfect communion about all that the Father is doing and will yet do (prophetic events, etc.). The Father and Son desire to bring us into that communion of thought.
Intercession: Abraham Intercedes for the Righteous in Sodom (18:23-33)
- The peculiar privilege here was that God Himself deigned to be the guest of Abraham: yea, and more than that, for He treats him as His intimate, stamping on the patriarch for ever that remarkable designation, “the friend of God,” which is founded on this very chapter. – Kelly, W. Abraham, the Friend of God.
- Sarah, no doubt, was an honoured woman, but her state was spiritually different from that of Abraham. We hear of her during this conversation behind the door. I dare say she ought not to have been there, but there she was; and if she was where she ought not to have been, need we wonder that she indulges in feelings that little became her? She laughed in her doubt of the word. Could any of us imagine Abraham behind a door? Was there not a simple dignity in him incapable of hiding and listening behind a door? We can understand easily an eastern wife’s temptation to conceal herself in more modern times, when woman was more of a prisoner, and otherwise degraded; but it is evident that in those early days no such reason operated, and no excuse could thence be for anything of the kind. For we find Rebekah, and others far later, going to the well, without any idea of impropriety. Sarah must no doubt have enjoyed no less a degree of freedom, but would have from her circumstances much more. She, the matron, by no means young now, was under no conceivable custom of keeping out of sight. Wherever such manners as those before us are resorted to, never expect anything good or worthy. – Kelly, W. Abraham: The Friend of God.
- … We should search ourselves, and see whether there are grounds for the Lord to speak so about ourselves and our households. For you generally find that a saint’s ways are shown, not merely in his own personal conduct, but even more in the relation of his family all round to the Lord, as the fruit of his faith or the lack of it. This is the reason why (in the New Testament), no matter what gift a man had, no matter how much he might be personally excellent, if his household were unruly and not in subjection, such an one could not be an elder or bishop. How could a person rule the church of God, if he could not rule his own home ~ Because, where moral power would be shown most is, not in a discourse, or in company, or in a visit, but where a man unbends, where he is no longer the teacher or preacher, where he can either familiarly bring in God or habitually leave Him out, where he can have a free and constant circulation of that name, with all its fruitful consequences, in the family, or he proves that his heart is in ease. Show or money for them is really for himself. The Lord assuredly looks for a reflex in the household of the ways of God with the head of it; because there it is that God should manifestly be owned, and habitually govern; and there it is that the one who stands at the head is responsible to God for showing what his mind and heart value. – Kelly, William. Abraham, the Friend of God.