Exodus 6:28 – 11:10
- Deliverer’s Commission Renewed (6:28 – 7:7)
- Presenting the Signs of Divine Authority (7:8-13)
- 1st Plague: Water Turned to Blood (7:14-24)
- 2nd Plague: Frogs (7:25 – 8:15)
- 3rd Plague: Lice (8:16-19)
- 4th Plague: Flies (8:20-32)
- 5th Plague: Against Livestock (9:1-7)
- 6th Plague: Boils (9:8-12)
- 7th Plague: Hail (9:13-35)
- 8th Plague: Locusts (10:1-20)
- 9th Plague: Darkness (10:21-29)
- 10th Plague Announced: Death of the Firstborn (Exodus 11)
Deliverer’s Commission Renewed (6:28 – 7:7)
Presenting the Signs of Divine Authority (7:8-13)
- 1st Group: The emptiness and corruption of the world
- 2nd Group: That which characterizes the world but is not found among God’s People
- 3rd Group: Future judgments that will fall on the this World
- The Passover: a type of Christ
1st Plague: Water Turned to Blood (7:14-24)
Water turns into blood – death is at the source of this world’s life. The life stream of this world becomes death. All that the world turns to for pleasure and refreshment is under judgment. The 1st group of three plagues speaks of the emptiness and corruption of the world.
2nd Plague: Frogs (7:25 – 8:15)
Frogs come out of the water – uncleanness is all this world can produce. Evil spirits (Rev. 16:13) come out and manifest themselves with the religious aspects of the world.
3rd Plague: Lice (8:16-19)
Dust turned to lice – the curse has fallen on man. Lice pictures personal contamination that tortures. It is the finger of God. Imitators cannot create life out of death, only the Spirit of God can do that. The folly of Janes and Jambres is manifest. The world’s inability to sustain divine life is revealed. After the first three plagues: the river stinks, the land stinks, and the people stink. The source of the world’s life (the river), the physical world itself (the land), and the people in the world – all are corrupted by sin.
4th Plague: Flies (8:20-32)
Flies – the pollution of the world. Speaks of the pollution of the world in homes and families. The second group of three plagues speak of that which characterizes the world but is not found among God’s people. After the first three plagues, a distinction is made between Goshen, where Israel dwelt, and Egypt. “I will put a separation between my people and thy people” (v.22).
5th Plague: Against Livestock (9:1-7)
Murrain – that which supports man is plagued. Speaks of the curse of financial gain (a blessing to God’s people).
6th Plague: Boils (9:8-12)
Boils – internal evil that is manifested on the surface. Evil that comes up and out, springing up from the root of sin within.
7th Plague: Hail (9:13-35)
Hail – natural judgments. Perhaps representing the Beginning of Sorrows. The third group of plagues represent future judgments that will fall on the this world.
8th Plague: Locusts (10:1-20)
Locusts – military judgments. Perhaps representing the Great Tribulation, see Rev. 9:7.
9th Plague: Darkness (10:21-29)
Darkness – spiritual judgments. Perhaps beginning with judicial blindness in the tribulation, ending in the Lake of fire, the blackness of darkness forever.
10th Plague Announced: Death of the Firstborn (Exodus 11)
The Tenth Plague. God’s people are spared from the hail, locusts, and darkness, etc. However, in the final plague the people are to be judged along with the world, except they find refuge behind the blood-stained door. This illustrates the doctrine of Romans 3:22-23; “There is no difference, for all have sinned”.
- He deals with the unfaithfulness of Israel, and this noticing it from the outset. Even then, spite of expostulations directed to each one, the abominations of their eyes and following of Egypt’s idols drew out His anger, so that it became a question of letting it all out against them in that land. But mercy prevailed against judgment, and regard for His own name before the heathen. – Kelly, W. Notes on Ezekiel.
- Abraham Lincoln felt strongly that the scourge of the Civil War was a judgment of God on America for the cruelty of slavery. He said, “Fondly do we hope — fervently do we pray — that this mighty scourge of war may speedily pass away. Yet, if God wills that it continue, until all the wealth piled by the bond-man’s two hundred and fifty years of unrequited toil shall be sunk, and until every drop of blood drawn with the lash, shall be paid by another drawn with the sword, as was said three thousand years ago, so still it must be said ‘the judgments of the Lord, are true and righteous altogether'”. – Abraham Lincoln. Second Inaugural Address. April 1865.