- We have an old nature that wants to sin. It is called “the flesh”, or “sin that dwelleth in me”.
- When Christ died He wrought a victory over sin, and by identification brought us into a new sphere where sin has no power.
- By laying hold of this truth we find deliverance – something which will never come by our efforts on the basis of law. We do this by “reckoning ourselves dead to sin”.
- But where does the power come from? Once we have the intelligence of our salvation, we are “sealed” by the Holy Spirit, and He becomes the power of the new life.
- Then, we need to walk in the Spirit (Gal. 5:16; Rom. 8:4) or the Spirit will be grieved, and we can effectively make sin our master again.
Contrasting Terms in Romans 8. Here is a list of contrasting terms that are helpful going into this chapter.
|An Unbeliever||A Christian|
standing before God
|“In Adam” – the standing we had when born (1 Cor. 15:22), an unrighteous, fallen standing.||“In Christ” – a new standing in Christ’s place before God (v.1) – perfectly righteous.|
in an abstract sense
|“In the flesh” – a state in which the flesh has undisputed control over one’s life (v.8)||“In the Spirit” – a state in which the Spirit has undisputed control over one’s life (v.9)|
our practical walk
|“After the flesh” – a life lived to gratify the desires of the flesh (v.5a)||“After the Spirit” – a life lived to please the Lord Jesus Christ (v.5b)|
“The Spirit must not only be resident, but He must also be president.”“If we pamper the flesh, we’ll hamper the Spirit!”“We don’t need more of the Spirit (John 3:34), the Spirit needs to have more of us!”
- The Results of Full Salvation Applied to Our Standing (Past) (v.1)
- The Results of Full Salvation Applied to Our State (Present) (vv.2-10)
- The Results of Full Salvation Applied to Our Bodies (Future) (v.11)
- The Results of Full Salvation Applied to Our Communion (vv.12-13)
- The Results of Full Salvation Applied to Our Relationships (vv.14-17)
The Results of Full Salvation Applied to Our Standing (Past) (v.1)
The Results of Full Salvation Applied to Our State (Present) (vv.2-10)
- v.1, the conclusion to Rom 1:1 – 5:11.
- v.2, the conclusion to Rom 5:12 – 7:25.
- “The Law” imposed could not produce righteous behavior from the flesh.
- “The flesh” was the “weak” link, reacting the moment a law was imposed.
- The Mode. God sent His Son as man (a human condition, like “flesh of sin”, but sin apart).
- The Purpose. The reason was “for sin”; as a sacrifice for sin in which Christ suffered and died.
- The Result. The cross ended the probation of the First Man, proving to faith the utter ruin of the flesh (“sin in the flesh”), and the futility of improving it.
The Results of Full Salvation Applied to Our Bodies (Future) (v.11)
Note: it doesn’t say we get a new body, but our mortal bodies (the ones we have now) will be quickened. Also, it doesn’t say “quicken your mortified bodies”… but “your mortal bodies”. This is important because even the bodies of believers will be changed (1 Cor. 15:52).
The Results of Full Salvation Applied to Our Communion (vv.12-13)
13 for if ye live according to flesh, ye are about to die; but if, by the Spirit, ye put to death the deeds of the body, ye shall live: v.13 Now, we have to make a choice; which sphere will we walk in? If we cross over and live our life in the fleshly sphere, our “supply line” of communion has been cut off (John 15:4), and our fellowship with Christ is “about to die”, e.g. Acts 20:9. J.N. Darby said: “Death may be used generally for deprivation of capacity of enjoyment;” i.e. separation from the sphere of what we would normally enjoy. We cannot enjoy eternal life if we live according to flesh. If we walk in the sphere of Christ’s interests (walk “by the Spirit”), we will have the power to not respond to the lusts of the flesh, and fellowship with Christ will blossom.
The Results of Full Salvation Applied to Our Relationships (vv.14-17)
Wisdom: the Leading of the Spirit (v.14)
Sonship: an elevated status (v.15)
In Greek, the word 'huiothesian' means 'the place of a son'. It is translated into English as "sonship" or "adoption". Sonship is a privilege that Christians are given because they are justified and stand in Christ's place before God. Sonship is not the same thing as coming into God's family. Due to the modern use of word 'adoption', the original sense of sonship has been lost for many believers. As we see in Galatians 4:1-7, the child becomes a son, showing that sonship has to do with a special status or relationship in the family. We enter God's family by new birth, and this makes us children of God. But adoption gives us a new status within the family. For an example of Jewish adoption, see Gen. 48:5 where Jacob took the sons of Joseph as his own. Ephraim and Manasseh were Jacob's grandsons, but he elevated them to the status of their uncles; "as Reuben and Simeon, they shall be mine". Sonship is the greatest blessing we have as individuals in relation to the Father… there is no higher place than the place of God's Son, and He has given us "the Son's place"!Read more… We have a “spirit” (or, attitude) of one who is a son of God. We stand in the very place of God’s beloved Son! This “spirit” causes us to cry (1) “Abba” (Aramaic for daddy) which is a cry of intimacy, and (2) “Father” which is a cry of intelligence, knowing that God is more than just there to meet our needs (see v.23).