- An eternal home in the Father’s house (v.2)
- The return of Christ for His saints (v.3)
- The privilege of communion with the Father by way of the Son (v.6)
- The supply of Divine power in service (v.12)
- The resource of prayer in the Son’s name (vv.13-14)
- Another Comforter, the Holy Spirit sent (v.16)
- The enjoyment of eternal life in the Son (v.19)
- Divine visitations, His presence with us (v.23)
- The teaching of the Holy Spirit (v.26)
- His peace left with us (v.27)
- Truths Connected with a Glorified Man in Heaven (14:1-14)
- Truths Connected with the Holy Spirit Sent Down to Earth (14:15-29)
- The Path Ahead (14:30-31)
Truths Connected with a Glorified Man in Heaven (14:1-14)
The Lord’s Return to Heaven and Purpose to Receive Us There (vv.1-3)
The true hope of the Church is the coming of Christ, not an event. The Church is so closely identified with Christ, and so closely linked to Him by the Spirit of God, that the Father has given Christ Himself to be the Church's hope. "I will come again and receive you unto myself" (John 14:3). "The Lord Himself shall descend" (1 Thess. 4:16). This hope was lost for around 1700 years of the Church's history. The Church lost the hope of the Lord's coming, and began to look for death at the end of the pathway. The Parable of the Ten Virgins in Matthew 25 traces this out typically, and shows the effect of losing this hope on the state of the Church. It wasn’t until the late 1820’s that the Spirit of God began working through various individuals and aroused the hearts of God’s people to hold afresh the hope of Christ’s return.Read more…
The Way to Communion with the Father (14:4-12)
- Thomas didn’t understand the way (v.5). The only way to communion with the Father is by knowing the Son.
- Philip didn’t understand the truth (v.8). The Son has perfectly revealed the Father.
- Judas didn’t understand the life (v.22). The believer walking uprightly will enjoy the fellowship of the Father and the Son.
Two Resources of the Disciples with Jesus in Heaven (14:12-14)
Truths Connected with the Holy Spirit Sent Down to Earth (14:15-29)
Love and Obedience (v.15)
The Comforter Sent (vv.16-20)
- Collectively, “he abides with you”. This refers to the collective indwelling of the Spirit, in which we are “an habitation of God through the Spirit” (Eph. 2:22). It is because of this aspect of the Spirit’s presence that God inhabits the Church.
- Individually, “and shall be in you”. This refers to the individual indwelling of the Spirit, in which He comes to permanently dwell in the believer’s body. This is called the seal of the Spirit, the earnest of the Spirit, and the anointing of the Spirit. Read more…
The Communion of the Holy Spirit (vv.21-24)
Things Left to us in the Time of Jesus’ Absence (vv.25-29)
The Path Ahead (14:30-31)
- It was not a question of preparing them for the place (that is the subject of chapter 13), but of preparing the place for them. The presence of their Forerunner, where He was going, accomplished it. – Darby, J.N. On the Gospel of John.
- Trench, J. A. How blest a home, the Father's house. Little Flock Hymnbook #127.
- Conder, Josiah. Thou art the everlasting Word! Little Flock Hymnbook #150.
- He was in the Father, and the Father in Him; a state of being only possible in the Divine nature. – Kelly, William. The Gospel of John.
- Wolston, W. T. P. “Another Comforter”. Lecture 8: The Gift of the Spirit.
- Philologically it is hard, not to say impossible, to conceive the Greek term meaning “Comforter.” Its structure and usage alike point to one “called to aid,” as a cognate but different form signifies a comforter. This a Paraclete may well be; but He is far more, and summoned for every difficulty and need. So is the Paraclete, and in an infinite way, as a Divine Person. To comfort is but a small part of His functions. “Advocate” might do, as in 1 John 2:1. – Kelly, William. Notes on the Gospel of John.
- “Will abide” in Greek would be the same word as “abide,” save an accent, and there were none originally: μένει abides; μενεῖ will abide. – Darby, J.N. Letters, Vol. 3, No. 161
- The “cannot receive” of the world is as much the present time as “abide.” It is when sent. And the truth is, abides or dwells, is just as much future as present. It depends on an accent (μενέι or μενεῖ) and in the early MSS. there were no accents. – Darby, J.N. What does the Coming of the Comforter mean? Bible Herald, 1877
- As to whether it should he “dwelleth” or “will dwell,” in verse 17, for the Greek, or indeed for the sense, it is just as good in one case as the other; it is a mere question of a Greek accent. – Darby, J.N. On the Gospel of John
- As to John 14:17, it may be taken as “will,” as it is solely the question of an accent, μενεῖ or μένει. But I think it quite immaterial. Christ could not remain with them, this other Comforter could; Christ was with them, not in them; that other Comforter would be in them. But it does not at all mean that He was dwelling with them in Christ. He is speaking of another Comforter not come yet, and putting this in contrast with their present state. I prefer μένει as it is because of θεωρεῖ, γινώσκει. The Father would give them another Comforter, who could not come till Christ was gone. It is of Him, and this new state of things, the Lord is expressly speaking, as to the world, and as to the disciples. It would not be for the world (Christ had been, though rejected), because the world did not see or know Him (that is when come). Not so the disciples – ye know Him (present), because He abides with you (in contrast with me who am going), and shall be in you (which I now cannot be). “Is in you” would not have done, as affirming not what characterised the Spirit as the new Comforter but a positive existing fact. – Darby, J.N. Letters, Vol. 2, No. 271
- Not that one thinks … that His abiding in Jesus Who was among them is the meaning; but that when given, He was to abide with them, instead of making a brief sojourn like the Lord’s; yea, that He should not only abide, but be in them, which Messiah, as such, could not be, however companying with them. It was to be a new, special, intimate presence of God in and with the saints, in contrast with the world which had rejected Christ. – Kelly, William. Exposition of the Gospel of John.
- Kelly, William. Exposition of the Gospel of John.
- Note, this is individual, not the union of the members of the body with Christ. – Darby, J.N. Synopsis of the Books of the Bible.
- The Lord does not give as we give anything which consequently we do not possess any longer; He brings us into the enjoyment of all that He Himself enjoys: the glory, the Father’s love, His joy. He keeps back nothing for Himself, which is reserved to Himself, and in which we have not part. – Darby, J.N. On the Gospel of John.
- He Who gives it gave it not away, and had it not the less because we were to receive it. Like all else that He gives, it is enjoyed unimpaired in its own Divine fulness, every one that shares rather adding to it than taking from it. The question is not merely of reality, but of its course and character. – Kelly, William. Exposition of the Gospel of John.
- Midlane, Albert. Himself He could not Save. Little Flock Hymnbook #257.