John 3 – 12
- Doctrinal (John 3 – 7). The first five chapters in this section take up principles relating to new birth and salvation. The theme is the greatness of the Person of the Son in contrast with Judaism.
- John 3 – Lesson: no teaching of the Law is sufficient to reform the first man; all must be born again!
- John 4 – Lesson: natural religion is unable to satisfy the human heart and produce true worship. Christ is sufficient for both!
- John 5 – Lesson: the law is utterly futile to meet man’s need. The sovereign grace of the Son of God can meet that need!
- John 6 – Lesson: natural man is incapable of living without an object. The Son of man is presented to be the object of faith!
- John 7 – Lesson: man’s religion is unable to bless. The Son’s promised return to the Father and sending of the Holy Spirit makes believers into channels of blessing.
- Dispensational (John 8 – 12). The following chapters do not cease to be profoundly doctrinal, but while they continue to develop the doctrine, they also take on dispensational overtones. We have a tremendous dispensational outline in which we get the Lord rejected by the nation, a remnant called out, the resurrection of Israel, and the Gentiles blessed in the Millennium.
- John 8 – Lesson: the Son had come as the light of the world, but was rejected by the religious leaders in Jerusalem.
- John 9 – Lesson: the Son undertakes to open the eyes of the remnant, who are cast out by the corrupt system.
- John 10 – Lesson: the Son becomes the gathering center for that faithful remnant, which would later become the assembly!
- John 11 – Lesson: the Son has the resurrection power to raise Israel up from national death! This is something the Law could never do.
- John 12 – Lesson: the kingdom will be established, the Gentiles will be blessed, and the Son will see the fruit of His travail!
- Man’s Dark Condition & Christ’s Perfect Knowledge of it (2:23-25)
- Nicodemus: Man’s need for New Birth, and the Work of the Cross
- Man’s Need of New Birth (vv.1-3)
- How the New Birth is Caused (vv.4-6)
- Israel’s Need of New Birth (vv.7-10)
- The Father & Son’s Desire to Testify of Heavenly Things (vv.11-13)
- The Cross: God’s Sovereign Provision for Man’s Salvation (vv.14-17)
- Faith: Man’s Responsibility to Believe on the Son of God (vv.18-21)
- John the Baptist’s Testimony of The Son (3:22-36)
Man’s Dark Condition & Christ’s Perfect Knowledge of it (2:23-25)
24 But Jesus himself did not trust himself to them, because he knew all men, vv.24-25 This is evidence of the Lord’s omniscience. Even as a man on earth, Jesus knew everything! God did not need to test man to see what was in man, because God already knew. But the dispensational testing of the first man occurred to show us our utter failure, and puts us into a guilty place before God. Jesus “did not commit Himself” to those who required evidence to believe, because that is not genuine faith. Their belief was founded on the wrong thing, and the Lord would not have fellowship with that.
25 and that he had not need that any should testify of man, for himself knew what was in man. v.25 He didn’t need anyone to tell Him about man in the flesh… He was the omniscient Logos! And what was in man that Jesus knew was there? A little smidgen of good? A spark of “preparatory light”? (See note on “lighteneth every man”, John 1:9). No. He knew that in man was spiritual darkness without any light whatsoever. This is the prerequisite fact to the teaching of New Birth. We must accept that man is without hope in himself, apart from the sovereign work of God.
Nicodemus: Man’s need for New Birth, and the Work of the Cross
- (vv.1-3) Man needs new birth in order to ever see (or perceive) the things of God. Without new birth man is totally helpless.
- (vv.4-6) The New Birth is caused by a sovereign action of the Spirit of God, using the Word of God.
- (vv.7-10) The subject of New Birth is not unique to Christianity, in fact Israel as a nation is in need of New Birth, and the prophets speak of the day when Israel will be born again!
- (vv.11-13) The Father and the Son desire believers to have something more than New Birth. New Birth is an earthly thing, but it is God's desire to tell us of heavenly things; specifically Eternal Life. Eternal life is a higher and greater thing than New Birth!
- (vv.14-17) The cross is God’s provision for man’s salvation, and the required cost that we might have Eternal Life.
Man’s Need of New Birth (vv.1-3)
How the New Birth is Caused (vv.4-6)
Israel’s Need of New Birth (vv.7-10)
The Father & Son’s Desire to Testify of Heavenly Things (vv.11-13)
The Cross: God’s Sovereign Provision for Man’s Salvation (vv.14-17)
vv.14-15 The Cross meeting Man’s Need – The Death of the Son of Man
- Christ’s death puts our sins away (1 Pet. 2:24)
- Christ becomes the object of our faith (John 12:32, Gal. 2:20).
"Son of man" is a title Christ has in special connection with mankind; as either the rejected sufferer at the hands of mankind and on behalf of mankind as the one who assumes the responsibilities of the whole human race, or as exalted heir and head of all that God has purposed for mankind. The Old Testament spoke of a coming "Son of Man" that would reign over all creation and have an everlasting kingdom (Psalm 8:4-8; Daniel 7:13-14). But "Son of man" is a title Christ took in rejection as well as in glorification. The connection between the suffering and glory of the Son of man is beautiful.Read more…
15 that every one who believes on him may not perish, but have life eternal. v.15 Now we get that wonderful word “everyone” or “whosoever”, an expression that goes beyond the limits of Israel to include the poor Gentiles. New birth was required to “see” the kingdom of God, but eternal life is a gift to those who believe on the Son of Man lifted up. What does it mean to “believe on him“?
In scripture there is a difference between "believing", "believing in", and "believing on". If you "believe" someone, you accept what they say as truth. If you "believe in" someone, you have confidence in their character; i.e. it has to do with who they are, although it also includes that they are honest. If you "believe on" someone, they become an object for your faith, and this also includes both confidence in their character and in their words, but goes far higher.We must believe on a Person (Rom. 3:22), on Jesus Christ as the sin-bearer (v.15). Furthermore, we must also believe on Him as the Son of God given (v.16). Then the Person becomes the object of our faith. These two components are vital to a soul’s salvation: the Person and work of Christ.
The term "eternal life" is commonly translated “everlasting life” or “life eternal”. The word “eternal” does not define the duration of the life, but it defines the character of the life. It couldn’t be the idea of "living forever" because even the unsaved live forever in eternal fire. It is a life of love, holiness, peace, and joy. Above all, eternal life is characterized by communion with the Father and the Son by the Holy Spirit; "And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent" (John 17:3). Eternal life is the highest character of life that one can ever know, because it is the same life that the Father and Son enjoy together (1 John 1:3), and which had existed from eternity to eternity (John 1:2). In His ineffable grace, God in His eternal counsels purposed that this fellowship of the Father and the Son would be shared with the sons of men! Read John 14:18-20. We are brought into this fellowship through the gift of eternal life.Read more…
vv.16-17 The Cross Manifesting God’s Heart – the Gift of the Son of God
Faith: Man’s Responsibility to Believe on the Son of God (vv.18-21)
To try both your state and your scheme;
You cannot be right in the rest,
Unless you think rightly of him;
As Jesus appears in your view,
As he is beloved or not,
So God is disposed to you,
And mercy, or wrath are your lot.
John the Baptist’s Testimony of The Son (3:22-36)
Simultaneity of John’s Baptism and Jesus’ Baptism (vv.22-24)
A Question raised about the greatness of Jesus (vv.25-26)
A Sevenfold vindication of the Lord’s Ministry (vv.27-35)
#1 – John could take no credit for his ministry as it was given to him of God.
#2 – The ministry of Jesus didn’t contradict John’s, but complemented it.
#3 – John felt about Jesus as a friend of a bridegroom.
- The Sons of the bridechamber (Matt. 9:15, Mark 2:19-20, Luke 5:34-35). In this case Christ is the bridegroom of Israel, and the sons of the bridechamber are the faithful remnant.
- The Ten Virgins (Matt. 25:1-10). In this case Christ is the bridegroom of the Church, but the bride isn’t mentioned. Instead, the ten virgins are a picture of the Christian testimony through the ages. See also Matt. 22:1-14.
- The marriage of Cana (John 2:9). This is a Millennial picture, and Christ is the bridegroom of restored Israel. The bride isn’t even mentioned.
- The friend of the bridegroom (John 3:29). Christ is the bridegroom of Israel, and the faithful remnant is the bride.
#4 – John knew the relative greatness of Jesus demanded a change.
#5 – John’s ministry was earthly, the Lord’s was heavenly, thus far greater.
- The general response (v.32b). “No one receives his testimony”. Though crowds may have flocked to Him, the Lord’s testimony was generally not received (see John 6:66). But there were some individuals who believed…
- The response of faith (v.33). “He that has received his testimony” was anyone who (by sovereign grace) did receive His testimony. They simply and honestly from the heart attested that God is absolutely true; taking God’s side regardless of my will or understanding (c.p. John 2:22-25). This verse has been rightly called “a definition of faith”!
#6 – God had specially marked Jesus out by permanent sealing of the Spirit.
- someone was going on well, like Gideon (Jud. 6:34) or Jephthah (Jud. 11:29) or David (1 Sam. 16:13), or
- someone was going on poorly, like Samson (Jud. 14:19), or
- someone was not even a believer but was being used by God, like Balaam (Num. 24:2) or Saul (1 Sam. 10:10).
#7 – the Father’s disposition toward “the Son” is unmatched and incalculable.
Conclusion: What does all this mean for man? (v.36)
- Believers – have eternal life as a present possession.
- Rejecters – remain in their guilt awaiting eternal punishment.
- The earthly man, John the Baptist, yet with a ministry from God, would stop his testimony with what he had heard, read in the prophets, and saw (vv.27-34).
- The apostle John, a Christian, himself sealed with the Holy Ghost, would interpose and conclude this section. Only a person with eternal life could speak about eternal life.
- John could take no credit for his ministry.
- The ministry of Jesus didn’t contradict John’s.
- John felt about Jesus as a friend of a bridegroom.
- The relative greatness of Jesus demanded a change.
- John’s ministry was earthly, the Lord’s was heavenly.
- God marked the Son out by permanent sealing of the spirit.
- The Father’s disposition toward “the Son” is unmatched and incalculable.