Entry Into Jerusalem: Christ as Blesser of the Millennial Earth
John 12
John 12. In this chapter… In ch. 12, Mary prepares Jesus for what was to come. In ch.13, the Lord prepares the disciples for what was to come.

The Assembly: The Supper at Bethany, Mary Anoints Jesus’ Feet (12:1-11)

Psalm 23. We see a beautiful fulfillment of the 23rd Psalm in the experience of Jesus as He traveled toward Jerusalem. While Jesus was fully Divine, He was also fully man; with a human soul, feelings, and emotions. He rejoiced to count Jehovah as His shepherd, and cast all His care upon the Father. He had walked through parched desert for days, but the supper at Bethany was to His soul as “green pastures” and the fellowship of Mary, Martha, and Lazarus as “still waters”. In this sense, His soul was restored and led forward in the “paths of righteousness”. Times like this one gave our Lord courage, and that though He walked “through the valley of the shadow of death”, we was not afraid, because His God was with Him. In Bethany, there were friends, but also enemies. The betrayer was there. The chief priests were taking counsel to put Him to death. Yet God was able to “prepare a table” before Him even in the presence of His enemies. Finally, God brought along Mary, to anoint anoint His head with oil. How this display of love would cause His cup (joy) to run over! In the refreshment of this scene, Jesus could go on to the cross, with confidence that goodness and mercy would follow Him, and after the work was accomplished, to enjoy of the presence of God forever!

Lazarus is a picture of Israel, raised from a condition national death. Mary is a type of the Church.

Jesus therefore, six days before the passover, came to Bethany, where was the dead man Lazarus, whom Jesus raised from among the dead. 2 There therefore they made him a supper, and Martha served, but Lazarus was one of those at table with him. 
3 Mary therefore, having taken a pound of ointment of pure nard of great price, anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair, and the house was filled with the odour of the ointment. v.3 The Spirit of God never put a value on Mary sacrifice, it was Judas that came up with the figure of 300 pounds. In Matt. 26 and Mark 14, Mary pours it on the Lord’s head. Here in John she pours it is on His feet. In truth, she anointed His whole person… every part of Him was precious to her; “the precious ointment upon the head, that ran down upon the beard, even Aaron’s beard: that went down to the skirts of his garments” (Psa. 133:2). See the Lord’s response, “on my body” (Matt. 26:12). But why the difference? Matthew views Christ in the aspect of the king, so he writes about the ointment being poured on His head because that is how kings were anointed. John’s presents Christ as Divine, and it would not be fitting for men to anoint the head of God, but rather for us to take our place of submission at His feet.
4 One of his disciples therefore, Judas son of Simon, Iscariote, who was about to deliver him up, says, 5 Why was this ointment not sold for three hundred denarii and given to the poor? 6 But he said this, not that he cared for the poor, but because he was a thief and had the bag, and carried what was put into it. vv.4-5 Judas voices the natural heart of man… to put service ahead of worship. He was a thief. Perhaps he was already stealing? Judas gives the lowest possible value on what Mary had done. The enemy always wants to put Christ down. It is Satan’s A-B-C’s; Anything But Christ. Christian charities have a way of losing money to men like Judas. Judas held the bag, and he was a thief. This reveals the common bane of Christian philanthropic efforts. A lot of money gets put in the bag, but somehow there are always holes in the bag. Somehow that money lines the pockets of men like Judas.
7 Jesus therefore said, Suffer her to have kept this for the day of my preparation for burial; 8 for ye have the poor always with you, but me ye have not always. vv.7-8 Against the day of my burying… it was affection for Christ that motivated her. Judas puts the worst possible construction on her actions. The Lord defends her. She never says a word. Mary of Bethany knew what the others didn’t. She understood that the cross was necessary. “Whither I go ye know and the way ye know.” Thomas had an inkling. Mary understood much better. The way of the cross leads home.
9 A great crowd therefore of the Jews knew that he was there; and they came, not because of Jesus only, but also that they might see Lazarus whom he raised from among the dead. 10 But the chief priests took counsel that they might kill Lazarus also, 11 because many of the Jews went away on his account and believed on Jesus. v.11 Lazarus never said anything but he had a tremendous effect. Walking in “newness” of life will an effect.

The Appearing: The Triumphal Entry of the Son of David into Jerusalem (12:12-19)

12 On the morrow a great crowd who came to the feast, having heard that Jesus is coming into Jerusalem, 13 took branches of palms and went out to meet him, and cried, Hosanna, blessed is he that comes in the name of the Lord, the King of Israel. 14 And Jesus, having found a young ass, sat upon it; as it is written, 15 Fear not, daughter of Zion: behold, thy King cometh, sitting on an ass’s colt. 16 Now his disciples knew not these things at the first; but when Jesus was glorified, then they remembered that these things were written of him, and that they had done these things to him. 17 The crowd therefore that was with him bore witness because he had called Lazarus out of the tomb, and raised him from among the dead. 18 Therefore also the crowd met him because they had heard that he had done this sign. 19 The Pharisees therefore said to one another, Ye see that ye profit nothing: behold, the world is gone after him. 

The Millennium: The Son of Man sought by Gentiles (12:20-36)

The Request of the Greeks to See Jesus (12:20-22)

20 And there were certain Greeks among those who came up that they might worship in the feast; 21 these therefore came to Philip, who was of Bethsaida of Galilee, and they asked him saying, Sir, we desire to see Jesus. 22 Philip comes and tells Andrew, and again Andrew comes and Philip, and they tell Jesus. 

Jesus Speaks About His Death and Resurrection (12:23-36)

23 But Jesus answered them saying, The hour is come that the Son of man should be glorified. v.23 this hour refers to the cross.
24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except the grain of wheat falling into the ground die, it abides alone; but if it die, it bears much fruit. 25 He that loves his life shall lose it, and he that hates his life in this world shall keep it to life eternal. 26 If any one serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there also shall be “my” servant. And if any one serve me, him shall the Father honour. 27 Now is my soul troubled, and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour. But on account of this have I come to this hour. 28 Father, glorify thy name. There came therefore a voice out of heaven, I both have glorified and will glorify it again. 29 The crowd therefore, which stood there and heard it, said that it had thundered. Others said, An angel has spoken to him. 30 Jesus answered and said, Not on my account has this voice come, but on yours. 31 Now is the judgment of this world; now shall the prince of this world be cast out: 32 and I, if I be lifted up out of the earth, will draw all to me. 33 But this he said signifying by what death he was about to die. 34 The crowd answered him, We have heard out of the law that the Christ abides for ever; and how sayest thou that the Son of man must be lifted up? Who “is” this, the Son of man? 35 Jesus therefore said to them, Yet a little while is the light amongst you. Walk while ye have the light, that darkness may not overtake you. And he who walks in the darkness does not know where he goes. 36 While ye have the light, believe in the light, that ye may become sons of light. Jesus said these things, and going away hid himself from them. 

Summary of Israel’s Response to the Lord’s Ministry (12:37-50)

Those Who Were Blinded Did Not Believe, Despite the Signs (12:37-41)

37 But though he had done so many signs before them, they believed not on him, 38 that the word of the prophet Esaias which he said might be fulfilled, Lord, who has believed our report? and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed? 39 On this account they could not believe, because Esaias said again, 40 He has blinded their eyes and hardened their heart, that they may not see with their eyes, and understand with their heart and be converted, and I should heal them. 41 These things said Esaias because he saw his glory and spoke of him. 

Some Did not Confess Jesus Because they Loved Men’s Glory (12:42-43)

42 Although indeed from among the rulers also many believed on him, but on account of the Pharisees did not confess him, that they might not be put out of the synagogue: 43 for they loved glory from men rather than glory from God. 

Final Message: To Believe on Jesus is to Believe on the One Who Sent Him (12:44-50)

44 But Jesus cried and said, He that believes on me, believes not on me, but on him that sent me; 45 and he that beholds me, beholds him that sent me. 46 I am come into the world as light, that every one that believes on me may not abide in darkness; 47 and if any one hear my words and do not keep them, I judge him not, for I am not come that I might judge the world, but that I might save the world. 48 He that rejects me and does not receive my words, has him who judges him: the word which I have spoken, that shall judge him in the last day. 49 For I have not spoken from myself, but the Father who sent me has himself given me commandment what I should say and what I should speak; 50 and I know that his commandment is life eternal. What therefore I speak, as the Father has said to me, so I speak.  

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