Daniel 8 – 12
- Ch.7 – the Antagonist from the West (revivied rome)
- Ch.8 – the Antagonist from the East (king of the north)
- Ch.9 – the West’s influence on Jerusalem
- Ch.10-12 – the East’s influence on God’s people
- The Vision of the Ram and the He-Goat (Mainly Characteristic) (8:1-14)
- The Interpretation of the Vision (Mainly Prophetic) (8:15-27)
- The Prophet Strengthened and Prepared for the Meaning (8:15-19)
- The Meaning of the Symbols (8:20-22)
- Added Details about the Little Horn (8:23-25)
- Confirmation of the Vision and Daniel’s Response (8:26-27)
The Vision of the Ram and the He-Goat (Mainly Characteristic) (8:1-14)
A Change of Setting (8:1-2)
The Persian Ram and His Conquests (8:3-4)
The Grecian He-Goat (8:5)
Alexander the Great took the throne of Macedon at 20 years old, and by 30 years old he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from Greece to northwestern India. He was undefeated in battle and is widely considered one of history’s most successful military commanders.
The Attack of Alexander upon Persia (8:6-7)
- THE BATTLE OF THE GRANICUS – forced darius to retreat from Turkey
- THE BATTLE OF ISSUS – decimated the Persian army.
Division of Alexander’s Empire: Emergence of the Little Horn (8:8-12)
- Syria (northeast) – eventually becomes the king of the north
- Egypt (southeast) – eventually becomes the king of the south
- Greece (southwest) – soon succumbed to the advancing Roman power.
- Thrace (northwest) – soon succumbed to the advancing Roman power.
The Duration of the Prophecies of this Vision (8:13-14)
The Interpretation of the Vision (Mainly Prophetic) (8:15-27)
The Prophet Strengthened and Prepared for the Meaning (8:15-19)
The Meaning of the Symbols (8:20-22)
Added Details about the Little Horn (8:23-25)
- A “Whirlwind” (Dan. 11:40b-42).
- The “Overflowing Scourge” (Isa. 28:15-18)
- The “Bee that is in the land of Assyria” (Isa. 7:18)
- The coming “Wolf” (John 10:12)
- The “wild boar” out of the woods (Psa. 80:8-16)
- A “Forest fire” (Zech. 11:1-3).
Five names of the Assyrian.
- The Assyrian (Isaiah 14:25)
- The King of the North (Daniel 11:40)
- The Desolator (Daniel 9:27)
- The Exacter (Zechariah 9:8)
- The King of Bold Countenance (Daniel 8:23)
- from within – the Antichrist setting himself up as God in His temple; and
- from without – The Assyrian looking to invade Palestine and surrounding countries.
As the historical pattern for these future events, Antiochus Epiphanes represents both evils! but in ch.8 it is only the evil from without… the Assyrian. this is clear because if you notice the details with regard to “the sanctuary” and “the sacrifices” are mentioned in the vision, but left out in the interpretation! Naturally speaking, you would think that the types of the King of the North and the revived Roman Empire would be kept separate, but sometimes they are dual use. But that’s not the first time you get it in Prophecy… a good example is the Assyrian in the days of Isaiah. Ahaz is a type of Antichrist, he brings in the false worship (foreshadowing the abomination) through Urijah the priest into the temple. he also makes a covenant with the Assyrian for protection from Syria. Assyria is a type of the king of the North, not revived Rome! So it seems to me that the Spirit of God can make dual use out of one type. In sheltering Ahaz from Syria, the Assyrian is a type of revived Rome. But in sweeping down through in judgement, he is a type of the King of the North. Although, in prophecy the Assyrian will be the enemy of the Antichrist – completely distinct: the one will be the great self-exalting man inside the land, and the other the leader of the enemies outside. The same dual use is made of Antiochus Epiphanes.
His Character (v.23)
- “of fierce countenance“– characterized by warlike power
- “understanding dark sentences” – takes the place of a great teacher, a solver of the world’s problems, which would naturally have much influence over the Jewish mind.