Hebrews 10:19 – 13:17
Draw Near to God by Faith (10:19-22)
Hold Fast in Hope (10:23)
Stir Up One Another in Love (10:24-25)
(A Warning: Don’t Despise the Sacrifice of Christ) (10:26-31)
Apostasy is abandoning a belief once professed, especially in the context of renouncing the profession of faith in Christ. Apostasy is different from backsliding. A backslider is one who has truly believed on the Son of God, but has fallen into systematic failure, and is in need of restoration. An apostate is one who once made a profession of Christ, even partook of the outward blessings of Christianity, entertained the truth of it in their thoughts, yet never truly believed it, and ultimately turned away from it (1 Tim. 4:1). An apostate for a time is part of "the faith", but then abandons it, having never truly possessed "saving faith". For for such a person there is no possibility of restoration.Read more… When a Person turns their back on that one sacrifice described in Heb. 10:1-18, they have turned their back on the only thing God will accept, and therefore “there no longer remains any sacrifice for sins”. God has nothing more to give than what He has given. The only prospect for those who reject the sacrifice of Christ is “a certain fearful expectation of judgment, and heat of fire about to devour the adversaries”. Without a sacrifice for sin, the only expectation is of judgment!
- “Has trodden under foot the Son of God” by rejecting the Person of Christ, casting aside the greatest gift God ever gave as worthless.
- “Esteemed the blood of the covenant, whereby he has been sanctified, common” by rejecting the work of Christ. How can someone who was sanctified by the blood of Christ be lost? When a person makes a profession of Christ (usually through baptism), they come onto Christian ground, and in a provisional sense they are set apart (this is an example of Provisional Sanctification, see also 1 Cor. 7:14; Rom. 11:16). The “blood of the new covenant” (Matt. 26:28) is involved in this. To turn away from Christianity is to regard the precious blood of Christ as a common thing.
- “Has insulted the Spirit of grace” by rejecting the witness of Spirit, a Divine Person sent according to the gracious heart of God in response to the finished work of Christ being accepted, and Him glorified at God’s right hand.
Exhortation to Endure Persecution (10:32-39)
- Now, we have in this scripture, to speak generally, three things — the blood of Jesus, the rent veil, and the High Priest (literally, the great priest) over the house of God; and it is on the foundation of these three things that we have the exhortation to draw near for worship. – Dennett, E. Twelve Letters to Young Believers. Chapter 8.
- If we think about the rending of the veil of the temple when Jesus died, what could be seen through that opening? The ark was no longer there. The emptiness of Judaism was exposed! – Stewart, Stephen. Reading on Hebrews 10. Vestal, NY. 2022.
- And the place to which we are invited to approach, or into which we are urged to enter, is the holiest — the holy of holies. That is the place which was typified by the holy of holies in the tabernacle in the wilderness, the place into which Christ, as our Representative and Forerunner, has already entered (Heb. 4:14; Heb. 6:19-20). Our place of worship therefore is in the immediate presence of God, the scene of the ministry on our behalf of Christ, as the High Priest. True that we are down here on the earth as strangers and pilgrims when we think of priesthood. But this earth can never be the scene of our worship; for we have “boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus,” and there alone can worship be rendered or accepted. Nay; if I would do homage even to the King, I must go to the place where he sits in state to receive it. Much more, if I would worship God I must do so in the place where He sits on His throne, and into which, for this very purpose, He has, in His ineffable grace, given me a title to enter at all times through the precious blood of Christ. There above, therefore, inside the rent veil, in His own immediate presence, and in no other place, must His people worship. – Dennett, E. Twelve Letters to Young Believers. Chapter 8.
- Hence, the first two things (“bodies washed” and “hearts sprinkled”) make us priests and the second two (“a true heart” and “full assurance of faith”) make us priestly. The first two are connected with our position before God and the latter two have to do with our state of soul. – Anstey, Bruce. The Epistle to the Hebrews.
- As responsibility is here in view, it is “the day” or appearing of the Lord that follows, when our fidelity or the lack of it will be manifested. – Kelly, W. Exposition of Hebrews.
- Some translations render this “For ye had compassion of me in my bonds”, limiting the application to their compassion for the writer, but better translations render it “For you had compassion on those in prison”, leaving the application of it wider. W. Kelly commented, “All the old English versions save that of Rheims (1552) narrow their sympathy according to the Text. Rec. to the bonds of him who, now wrote. but the better reading seems to be “the prisoners” i.e. those of the Lord in general.” – Kelly, W. Exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews.
- Some passages in Hebrews are intended to be intentionally vague, so that, in this instance, the believing Jew, not yet knowing the body of Christian hope and blessing could rightly apply it to the appearing; but, on the other hand, as we read it, to realize it also applies to the rapture. Christ is coming in the both senses and exactly when He should, without delay. – W. Brockmeier quoting D. Graham
In Rom. 1:17 the emphasis is on faith, showing that is the principle on which God justifies. In Gal. 3:11 the emphasis is on the just, showing that justification is by faith alone. In Heb. 10:38 the emphasis is on live, showing that faith is the way the believer lives pleasing to God in this world.
- It is plain that in this Epistle the order is adapted to the object in hand, which is not to enforce justification by faith as in Rom. 1:17, nor to set aside the interpolation of the law in opposition to grace as in Gal. 3:11, but to insist on faith as the power of life, and this too practically, as in all else; of which the chapter that follows is the weighty, full and interesting illustration. – Kelly, W. Notes on the Epistle to the Hebrews.