- (#1) The Jewish Remnant Preserved (14:1-5)
- (#2) The Everlasting Gospel is Preached (14:6-7)
- (#3) The Fall of Religious Babylon (14:8)
- (#4) Final Warning for the Followers of the Beast (14:9-12)
- (#5) Tribulation Martyrs About to be Raised (14:13)
- (#6) The Harvest, or Discriminate, Judgment (14:14-16)
- (#7) The Vintage, or Indiscriminate, Judgment (14:17-20)
(#1) The Jewish Remnant Preserved (14:1-5)
(#2) The Everlasting Gospel is Preached (14:6-7)
- The Everlasting Gospel – warns of coming judgment based on God’s power as Creator. God will at last intervene to deliver a world fallen into Satan’s hands through man’s sin. It demands that men recognize and glorify God as Creator.1
- The Kingdom Gospel – based on Christ’s glory as king. It demands that men repent because the Messiah is coming to set up His kingdom. Everyone is to get ready.
- The Christian Gospel (of the grace of God, of the glory of God) – based on the death and resurrection of Christ, and God’s heart of love. Believing this gospel brings you into relationship with God as Father. It rises far higher than the other gospels because it presents the glorious Person of Christ as the object for faith.
(#3) The Fall of Religious Babylon (14:8)
(#4) Final Warning for the Followers of the Beast (14:9-12)
- “He also shall drink of the wine of the fury of God prepared unmixed in the cup of his wrath”. There are no palliative ingredients (Ps. 75:8) in this judgment; it will be direct from God. The greatest judgement God has is in store for those who have had and rejected the greatest light.
- “He shall be tormented in fire and brimstone before the holy angels and before the Lamb.” The punishment for those who align themselves with the beast and against the Lamb is terrible, and unmistakably individual. This will take place “Before the Lamb” who will be like a judge witnessing the sentence be carried out.
- “And the smoke of their torment goes up to ages of ages”. The “smoke of their torment” refers to the cautionary witness that the torment of the beast-followers will be to the earth. This witness will continue through the Millennium. The “ages of ages” refers to a future eternity. The torment will never end, however the smoke will not be allowed to cloud the air of the new creation (eternal state). Note that it says “to it”, not “into it”.
- “and they have no respite day and night”. There will be no cessation, no alleviation, from the punishment of these ones will endure. “Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched” (Mark 9:44).
(#5) Tribulation Martyrs About to be Raised (14:13)
The Harvest Judgment (Rev. 14:14-16; Isaiah 21 – 24). At the time of the appearing, the angels will go forth over the Beast's empire and “reap” those who have refused the gospel of the kingdom. This is called the harvest judgment. The Harvest Judgment is a discriminating judgment, pictured in Matt. 13 by the harvestmen removing the tares from the field.
The Lord will send out His angels into “the whole world” to cleanse “the kingdom of the Son of man”, which is the prophetic earth (Matt. 13:37-42). It is discriminating because only the impostors (who have made a false profession of Christianity) will be taken by the angels. Those taken will be cast directly into the lake of fire. The Lord was marked out as the One who would baptize with fire (Matt. 3:11). This is what Christ as the "Son of man sitting on the cloud" will do with the Christian testimony at the harvest judgment. The harvest judgment will take place between the appearing of Christ and 1290 days measured from the middle of Daniel’s seventieth week. It will only involve the prophetic earth (Israel and Europe). If it was the entire world then Gog and Magog wouldn’t be able to come down against them after the harvest.read more…
- “gather the vine” – speaks of the return of the ten tribes (Dan. 12:1-2)
- “cast it into the winepress” – rebels of the ten tribes get sifted at border
- “tread the winepress” – actual judgment by the Lord personally.
The Vintage (Winepress) Judgment (Rev. 14:17-20; Isaiah 26:20 - 27:5; Isaiah 63:1-6) will take place at 1335 days measured from the middle of Daniel's seventieth week. Those destroyed are Russia (Ezek. 38-39), many confederate nations (Micah 4:11-12, Joel 3:2), and the rebels of the ten tribes (Ezek. 20:35-38). The winepress judgment is referred to as “Jehovah’s sacrifice in Bozrah and slaughter in Edom” because Bozrah was the capital of Edom (Isa. 34:2-6). The nations will come up in vast hordes, Russia in the lead, coming up “like a cloud to cover the land.” The land of Edom is where the proud (Zeph. 3:11) and the rebellious (Ezek. 20:38) of the ten tribes will be trapped, at the “border” (Ezek. 11:10). The Lord will personally “plead” with them “face to face” (Ezek. 20:35)… but they will be “stubborn and rebellious” (Deut. 21:18-23). The border land to the south of Israel (Edom) is referred to as the Lord’s “threshing floor” (Micah 4:11-12). There the Lord will “sift” the ten tribes “like as corn is sifted in a sieve” (Amos 9:9-10). Ninety percent of the returning ten tribes will be destroyed (Isa. 6:13). “The Lord also shall roar out of Zion” (Joel 3:16) and destroy Russia specifically “upon the mountains of Israel” (Ezek. 39:2). The “valley of Jehoshaphat” (Joel 3:1, 12-13), also called “without the city” (Rev. 14:20), is where the winepress begins. It continues 1600 stadia (or 200 miles), which is approximately the distance from the valley of Jehoshaphat to the south of Edom. The "vine of the earth", who are the rebels of the ten tribes, will be caught up in the vortex of judgment. The carnage will be so tremendous that the blood will run out "to the horses bits". Horses speak of human agencies, all are in vain against the Lord. As He stamps personally upon His enemies, it will be His "fury", not His love, that will sustain Him (Isa. 63:1-6) while "He treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God" (Rev. 19:15).Read more…
- Does the everlasting gospel require human preachers as do the gospel of the kingdom and the Christian gospel? Rev. 14:6 says that the everlasting gospel is something that an angel, flying in mid-heaven, will preach to the whole earth. Perhaps this means that the everlasting gospel, which has been preached since the fall of man, can be preached through the witness of creation. Romans 1:20 makes it clear that “from the world’s creation the invisible things of him are perceived, being apprehended by the mind through the things that are made, both his eternal power and divinity”. The Word of God is required for new birth according to John 3, but it may not necessarily be the written word; it may be through theophanies (like Cornelius, Acts 10:3, or this angel, Rev. 14:6), or possibly even the witness of creation. This gives us reason to hope for the millions who have lived in millennia past without access to the written Word of God.