Psalm 84 is the prophetic fulfillment of the Feast of Trumpets; the restoration of all twelve tribes of Israel to their homeland. Then, Psa. 85 is the fulfillment of the Day of Atonement, and Psa. 87 is the fulfillment of the Feast of Tabernacles.
To the chief Musician. Upon the Gittith. Of the sons of Korah. A Psalm.
The Title. If you go back to Numbers 16 you find that Korah was a rebel who came under the judgment of God for his sin. “And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up, and their houses, and all the men that appertained unto Korah, and all their goods” (Num. 16:32). But God was gracious in not destroying the lineage of Korah, and years later we get this Psalm. Korah speaks of apostate Israel, but his sons speak to us of the spared remnant of Israel which is restored to the Lord.
1 How amiable are thy tabernacles, O Jehovah of hosts!
2 My soul longeth, yea, even fainteth for the courts of Jehovah; my heart and my flesh cry out for the living GOD.
3 Yea, the sparrow hath found a house, and the swallow a nest for herself, where she layeth her young, thine altars, O Jehovah of hosts, my King and my God. v.3 the remnant of Israel has two parts to it: (1) the sparrow and (2) the swallow. The “nest” or home for the returning remnant is “thine altars, O Jehovah of hosts, my King and my God”, in other words, spiritual restoration.
4 Blessed are they that dwell in thy house: they will be constantly praising thee. Selah. v.4 They will think of the two tribes, already restored to the Lord, and picture them in their blessed place of “constantly praising” jehovah.
5 Blessed is the man whose strength is in thee, — they, in whose heart are the highways. v.5 The highways all leading back to Jerusalem. these paths are “in their hearts”… a poetic way to describe the longing, excitement, etc. of returning home after several millennia of diaspora. It will be an uncanny, instinctive knowledge of the highways known by their ancestors.
6 Passing through the valley of Baca, they make it a well-spring; yea, the early rain covereth it with blessings.
7 They go from strength to strength: each one will appear before God in Zion. v.7 there will be little groups that will form as individuals with similar excercises connect on THE HIGHWAYS… each group is called a “strength”. Then one group will meet another, and they will grow in size. “each one will appear before God in Zion” – the angels (Matt. 24:31) will help them in their journey, and none of the faithful will be lost.
8 Jehovah, God of hosts, hear my prayer; give ear, O God of Jacob. Selah.
9 Behold, O God our shield, and look upon the face of thine anointed. v.9 Asking god to bless Israel through the Messiah.
10 For a day in thy courts is better than a thousand. I had rather stand at the threshold of the house of my God, than dwell in the tents of wickedness. v.10 Contrasting the blessedness of being in the courts of the Lord with being afar off among the Gentiles.
11 For Jehovah Elohim is a sun and shield: Jehovah will give grace and glory; no good thing will he withhold from them that walk uprightly.
12 Jehovah of hosts, blessed is the man that confideth in thee!