THE EPISTLE OF PAUL THE APOSTLE TO THE
GALATIANS
 
Chapter: 1 2 3 4 5 6

O  U  T  L  I  N  E
- Personal: Defense Of His Apostleship Galatians 1 - 2
     - Introduction / Salutation Galatians 1:1-5
     - The Strong Rebuke Galatians 1:6-10
     - History Of Paul’s Conversion And Commission Galatians 1:11-17
     - 1st Encounter With Peter: Showing Paul’s Harmony with the Apostles Galatians 1:18-24
     - 2nd Encounter With Peter: Showing Paul’s Superior Knowledge Galatians 2:1-10
     - 3rd Encounter With Peter: Showing Paul’s Apostolic Authority Galatians 2:11-13
     - Public Response to Peter, Introduction to Next Division Galatians 2:14-21
- Doctrinal: Defense Of The Gospel Galatians 3 - 4
     - The Galatians’ Own Experience Proves the Folly of Law-keeping Galatians 3:1-5
     - How & When Abraham was Justified Proves Righteousness is not by Law Galatians 3:6-9
     - The Folly Of Believing That Justification Comes By The Law Galatians 3:10-14
     - Four Reasons Why the Law Cannot set aside the Unconditional Promises Galatians 3:15-18
     - The Clear Advantage of Promise Over Law – It Depends on God, Not Man Galatians 3:19-20
     - The Limited Purpose of The Dispensation of Law Galatians 3:21-22
     - Bondage Under Law (Children) compared to Liberty in Christ (Sonship) Galatians 3:23-29
     - Two Conditions: A Jew in the Old Testament vs. A Christian in the New Galatians 4:1-7
     - Appeal #1: The Folly of Desiring Bondage after Having just been Set Free Galatians 4:8-11
     - Appeal #2: Showing how Legalism had Degraded their Affection for Paul Galatians 4:12-16
     - Appeal #3: Exposing The Judaizers’ Evil Intentions, and Paul’s Love Galatians 4:17-20
     - Appeal #4: The Law itself Contains a Warning Against Legalism (Allegory) Galatians 4:21-31
- Practical: Exhortations Based On Liberty  Galatians 5 - 6
     - Liberty as a Result of Understanding Our Position Galatians 5:1-12
     - Liberty as a Result of Walking in the Spirit Galatians 5:13-26
     - Liberty in Action: What “Walking in the Spirit” Looks Like Galatians 6:1-10
     - Conclusion: a Summary Where Motives of Both Sides are Exposed Galatians 6:11-18

Purpose of the book. Galatians was Written to correct two errors: (1) the Law is needed for Justification and (2) for a holy life. The second of these is most common today.

carefulness concerning evil doctrine. Compare with I Corinthians to see how serious we need to be about evil Doctrine. Evil Doctrine is warned of in:
  • II John – concerning the person of Christ
  • Galatians – concerning the work of Christ.
Acts, Romans, Galatians develop the gospel. Truth in Galatians is individual, just like Romans.
  • In Acts Paul is preaching the Gospel.
  • In Romans Paul is teaching the gospel.
  • In Galatians Paul is defending the gospel.
Galatians compared to Ephesians. The Epistle to the Galatians never takes up the standing of the Church properly. It doesn’t go beyond the inheritance of promise. The blessings of Galatians are certain privileges that we share in common with every saint. for example: Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him for righteousness. We too believe and are justified. on a basic level, faith has the same blessings at all times; i.e. justification from sins. We christians are children of promise, entering into the portion of faith as past saints have done before us, although we have them in a greater way, such as being “in Christ”, etc. But it does not rise up to the level of Ephesians, where God is bringing out brand new, heavenly privileges. If we take our doctrine only from the epistle to the galatians, we might get the idea that christians are no more than “graduated” old testament saints. that is why we need the truth of Ephesians along with Galatians. if we read both we see this double truth:
  • Galatians – The community of blessing throughout all dispensations
  • Ephesians – the special privileges that result from the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven.
Setting. Written within 5 years of Paul’s bringing the Gospel to them, Acts 16:6. The error had come in through the efforts of Judaizing teachers, false brethren.

Judaizing teachers are mentioned in many of the Epistles: they had made inroads among the Corinthians (II Cor. 11:22), the Philippians (Phil. 3:2), the Colossians (Col. 2:18), but nowhere with as much success as among the Galatian assemblies.

Lines of truth in various epistles.
 -  -  - Seated
 -  - Raised Raised
 -  -  Quickened Quickened
 - Buried Buried  -
Dead Dead Dead  -
Crucified Crucified  -  -
Galatians Romans Colossians Ephesians

References

  1. The Epistle to the Galatians (by Hamilton Smith)
  2. Galatians (by F. B. Hole)
  3. Galatians (by W. Kelly)
  4. Synopsis of the Books of the Bible (by J. N. Darby)