The Nature and Use of Gifts in the Assembly
Corinthians 12 - 14

O  U  T  L  I  N  E
- The Nature and Use of Gifts in the Assembly I Corinthians 12 - 14
    - Manifestations of the Spirit & the Body of Christ I Corinthians 12
        - Misunderstandings Due to Past Time in Idolatry I Corinthians 12:1-2
        - Spiritual Manifestations Will Only Exalt Christ I Corinthians 12:3
        - All True Ministry Emanates from a Divine Source I Corinthians 12:4-6
        - The Diversity of Gifts, All Given for Profit I Corinthians 12:7-10
        - The Spirit of God has Liberty to Employ Whom He Will I Corinthians 12:11
        - The Formation of the Body of Christ I Corinthians 12:12-13
        - The Two Enemies of Unity in the Body of Christ I Corinthians 12:14-24
        - Division Not to Exist & Care to Exist between the Members I Corinthians 12:24b-26
        - A Local Assembly has Body Character I Corinthians 12:27
        - The Order of Importance of Gifts in the Body I Corinthians 12:28-31
    - Love is the Motive for the Use of Gifts I Corinthians 13
        - The Futility of Ministry Without Love I Corinthians 13:1-3
        - The Qualities of Love I Corinthians 13:4-7
        - The Permanence of Love I Corinthians 13:8-13
    - The Exercise of Gift in the Assembly I Corinthians 14
        - The Goal of Prophesy is for the Edification of the Assembly I Corinthians 14:1-5
        - Prophecy Should Give a Clear Sound I Corinthians 14:6-14
        - Prophecy in the Assembly Should be Understandable I Corinthians 14:15-20
        - The Purpose of Tongues (Sign Gifts) and Prophesy I Corinthians 14:21-25
        - Ministry in the Assembly Should Be Orderly I Corinthians 14:26-33
        - The Sister's Place in the Assembly Meetings I Corinthians 14:34-35
        - Paul's Authority to Enjoin these Things on Them I Corinthians 14:36-38
        - The Orderly Exercise of Tongues and Prophecy I Corinthians 14:39-40



Manifestations of the Spirit & the Body of Christ
Corinthians 12



Misunderstandings Due to Past Time in Idolatry (12:1-2)

CHAPTER 12
 But concerning spiritual manifestations, brethren, I do not wish you to be ignorant. 2 Ye know that when ye were of the nations ye were led away to dumb idols, in whatever way ye might be led. 


Spiritual Manifestations Will Only Exalt Christ (12:3)

3 I give you therefore to know, that no one, speaking in the power of the Spirit of God, says, Curse on Jesus; and no one can say, Lord Jesus, unless in the power of the Holy Spirit. 


All True Ministry Emanates from a Divine Source (12:4-6)

4 But there are distinctions of gifts, but the same Spirit; 5 and there are distinctions of services, and the same Lord; 6 and there are distinctions of operations, but the same God who operates all things in all. 


The Diversity of Gifts, All Given for Profit (12:7-10)

7 But to each the manifestation of the Spirit is given for profit. 8 For to one, by the Spirit, is given the word of wisdom; and to another the word of knowledge, according to the same Spirit; 9 and to a different one faith, in the power of the same Spirit; and to another gifts of healing in the power of the same Spirit; 10 and to another operations of miracles; and to another prophecy; and to another discerning of spirits; and to a different one kinds of tongues; and to another interpretation of tongues. 


The Spirit of God has Liberty to Employ Whom He Will (12:11)

11 But all these things operates the one and the same Spirit, dividing to each in particular according as he pleases. 


The Formation of the Body of Christ (12:12-13)

12 For even as the body is one and has many members, but all the members of the body, being many, are one body, so also is the Christ. 13 For also in the power of one Spirit *we* have all been baptised into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether bondmen or free, and have all been given to drink of one Spirit. 


The Two Enemies of Unity in the Body of Christ (12:14-24)

Discontent: 1st Attitude that Militates Against Unity (12:14-19)

14 For also the body is not one member but many. 15 If the foot say, Because I am not a hand I am not of the body, is it on account of this not indeed of the body? 16 And if the ear say, Because I am not an eye I am not of the body, is it on account of this not indeed of the body? 17 If the whole body were an eye, where the hearing? if all hearing, where the smelling? 18 But now God has set the members, each one of them in the body, according as it has pleased him19 But if all were one member, where the body? 

Disdain: 2nd Attitude that Militates Against Unity (12:20-24a)

20 But now the members are many, and the body one. 21 The eye cannot say to the hand, I have not need of thee; or again, the head to the feet, I have not need of you. 22 But much rather, the members of the body which seem to be weaker are necessary; 23 and those parts of the body which we esteem to be the more void of honour, these we clothe with more abundant honour; and our uncomely parts have more abundant comeliness; 24a but our comely parts have not need. 


Division Not to Exist & Care to Exist between the Members (12:24b-26)

24b But God has tempered the body together, having given more abundant honour to the part that lacked; 25 that there might be no division in the body, but that the members might have the same concern one for another. 26 And if one member suffer, all the members suffer with it; and if one member be glorified, all the members rejoice with it.


A Local Assembly has Body Character (12:27)

27 Now *ye* are Christ’s body, and members in particular. 


The Order of Importance of Gifts in the Body (12:28-31)

The Order of Importance of Gifts (12:28)

28 And God has set certain in the assembly: first, apostles; secondly, prophets; thirdly, teachers; then miraculous powers; then gifts of healings; helps; governments; kinds of tongues. 

The Diversity of the Members (12:29-30)

29 Are all apostles? are all prophets? are all teachers? are all in possession of miraculous powers? 30 have all gifts of healings? do all speak with tongues? do all interpret? 

Desire for the Best (Edifying) Gifts & An Introduction to Ch.13 (12:31)

31 But desire earnestly the greater gifts, and yet shew I unto you a way of more surpassing excellence. 
  • Foundational Gifts and Gifts for Edification Come First (12:28a)
  • Then Miraculous Gifts Take a Second Place (12:28b)
  • The Diversity of the Members (12:29-30)
  • Desire for the Best (Edifying) Gifts & an Introduction to Ch.13 (12:31)