The Principle of Headship (11:2-3)
The Sign of Headship (11:4-10)
A Balancing Principle: Mutual Dependence of the Man and Woman (11:11-12)
A Closing Word for the Conscience on the Subject of Headship (11:13-16)
The relevance of headcoverings today. Up until the mid-twentieth century, the vast majority of Protestant Christianity held that women should wear headcoverings when praying or prophesying, at least in public church meetings. Beginning in the mid-twentieth century, Protestant Christianity began to throw off the notion of headcoverings as a relevant practice, a trend which corresponded to the general rebellion and gender reversals of that era. Today, to find an evangelical church that maintains the use of headcoverings as taught in 1 Corinthians 11 is almost impossible. Instead, evangelical pastors and teachers have taught that the literal use of headcoverings ought to be confined to the 1st century Corinthian assembly. The reason given is that headcoverings were a common occurrence in that culture, and a rebellious trend in Greece to refuse headcoverings had been picked up by the women in Corinth. Evangelical teachers today would affirm the principles of headship (although some go so far as to deny them), but they teach that Christian woman do not need to follow the exhortations with regard to practical use of headcoverings. I believe this teaching to be false. First of all, Paul states on numerous occasions that the doctrines contained in this epistle are for the whole Church, at all times; see 1 Cor. 1:2; 1 Cor. 4:17; 1 Cor. 7:17; 1 Cor. 11:16; 1 Cor. 14:36-37; 1 Cor. 16:1. I believe v.16 puts the nail in the coffin of this false teaching. The apostles and all the local assemblies were united on this issue. Secondly, Paul does not say “because of the culture” but “because of the angels”. Headcoverings are important because of God’s unchanging order in creation, in spite of the shifting, sliding Western culture. To top it off, in v.16 Paul rebukes anyone who would be contentious about this doctrine of headship and headcoverings. May God give us the grace to simply submit to the plain teaching of His Word, for His glory and our blessing.
- Homily of John Chrysostom on 1 Cor. 11:16, Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, First Series, Vol. 12. Edited by Philip Schaff.