- What is Righteousness?
- God, the Only Source of Divine Righteousness (Rom. 3:21)
- God’s Righteousness as a Garment or Covering (Rom. 3:21)
- The Righteousness of God for Justification (Rom. 3:25)
- Imputed Righteousness (Rom. 4:5)
- A Righteous Position “in Christ” by Resurrection (Rom.4:25)
- A Righteous Life “In Christ” (Rom. 5:18)
- Christ Himself our Righteousness (1 Cor. 1:30)
- Made the Righteousness of God in Christ (2 Cor. 5:21)
What is Righteousness?
“How commonly this [the term “righteousness of God”] is quoted from such scriptures as Romans 3: 21-26, as if it meant the righteousness of Christ. Is not this serious confusion? What then is the righteousness of God? and what is the righteousness of Christ? Righteousness is perfect consistency of character and actions, according to the relation of one being to others, or with himself. Thus the righteousness of God is the perfect harmony of His attributes in His dealings with all created beings ― perfect consistency with Himself, and that in justifying the ungodly sinner. What is the righteousness of Christ? and then what is the redemption that He has wrought? There is not exactly such an expression in Scripture as the righteousness of Christ; 2 Peter 1: 1 is the nearest to it. But there His Godhead is spoken of. We may say, however, the Gospels present the only perfect righteous Man that ever trod this earth: perfect, and in absolute harmony with the mind and will of God, consistent with every relationship in which He stood.” – Charles Stanley
God, the Only Source of Divine Righteousness (Rom. 3:21)
“When man’s mouth is closed in guilt, God can open His in grace; and so He does. He was entitled to ask for righteousness. Man is all wrong; there is no righteousness in him. That has been proved already. The only righteousness, therefore, is God’s. What it fully means, what its basis is, and how it avails for the blessing of man, are other questions.” – W. Kelly
God’s Righteousness as a Garment or Covering (Rom. 3:21)
The Righteousness of God for Justification (Rom. 3:25)
- Refuse a sinner entrance to heaven.
- Send a guilty sinner to the Lake of Fire.
- Require a propitiatory sacrifice to vindicate the throne of God.
- Administer the fatal stroke of judgment to the Savior hanging on the cross.
After the cross, where the Lord Jesus suffered the penalty of sin and shed His atoning blood on Calvary, God was given a righteous basis on which to do certain things – in fact, He was compelled by virtue of His own righteousness to:
- Raise the Lord Jesus from the dead.
- Bring Him back to heaven and seat Him at His own right hand.
- Give Him a Name which is above every name, etc.
- Justify the sinner that believes in Jesus. (This is what is emphasized in Romans.)
Imputed Righteousness (Rom. 4:5)
“It is not the righteousness of God imputed, nor the righteousness of Christ; but it is the believer imputed, or reckoned, righteous by faith. It is not so much righteousness set over to the sinner’s account, but it is the believing sinner accounted righteous while he is not righteous.” – A.H. Rule
That I may be found in him, not having my righteousness, which [would be] on the principle of law, but that which is by faith of Christ, the righteousness which [is] of God through faith.” Philippians 3:9
A Righteous Position “in Christ” by Resurrection (Rom.4:25)
A Righteous Life “In Christ” (Rom. 5:18)
“In this chapter [Romans 5] we have the two heads with their respective families – Adam and his family, Christ and His family. It is the disobedient one, and the obedient One; the one offense, and the one righteousness. Adam by one offense – one act of disobedience – involved his whole family in ruin. Christ by one righteousness-one unbroken act of obedience-secured a standing righteousness before God for all His family. By Adam’s one act, his whole family were constituted sinners; by Christ’s one act, His whole family were constituted righteous. This one act of Christ includes His whole work in life and in death.” – A.H. Rule
Christ Himself our Righteousness (1 Cor. 1:30)
“But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption.” I Cor. 1:30
Made the Righteousness of God in Christ (2 Cor. 5:21)
Is witnessed in the Saviour’s blood;
‘Tis in the cross of Christ we trace
His righteousness, yet wondrous grace.
God could not pass the sinner by,
Justice demands that he should die;
But in the cross of Christ we see
How God can save, yet righteous be.