The Death and Resurrection of Christ
Matthew 26 - 28
This section of Matthew can be divided as follows:

O  U  T  L  I  N  E
- The Death and Resurrection of Christ Matthew 26 - 28
    - Events Preceding the Death of Christ Matthew 18
        - The Prediction of His Death (4th Mention) Matthew 26:1-2
        - The Council of the Sanhedrin: the Plot to Kill Jesus Matthew 26:3-5
        - The Anointing at Bethany, the Lord's Defense of the Woman Matthew 26:6-13
        - Judas’ Agreement to Betrayal and According Payment Matthew 26:14-16
        - Passover Evening Matthew 26:17-35
        - Gethsemane Matthew 26:36-46
        - The Arrest of Christ Matthew 26:47-56
    - The Trials of Christ Matthew 26:57 - 27:26
        - The Trial Before the Sanhedrin Matthew 26:57-68
        - Peter's Three Denials of Jesus Matthew 26:69-75
        - The Sanhedrin Convened, Jesus Led to Pilate Matthew 27:1-2
        - Judas' Remorse, Suicide, and the Field of Blood Matthew 27:3-10
        - The Trial Before Pilate Matthew 27:11-26
    - The Crucifixion and Death of Christ Matthew 27:27-56
        - The Mocking of the Soldiers Matthew 27:27-56
        - The Actual Crucifixion of Jesus Matthew 27:32-37
        - The Mocking of the Jews Matthew 27:38-44
        - The Three Hours of Darkness Matthew 27:45-49
        - The Death of Jesus and the Signs the Followed Matthew 27:50-54
        - The Women Who Followed Matthew 27:55-56
        - The Burial of Jesus Matthew 27:57-66
    - The Resurrection of Christ Matthew 28
        - The Empty Tomb Matthew 28:1-10
        - The Guards’ Report and the Cover-up Matthew 28:11-15
        - The Lord Appears to the Eleven, The Great Commission Matthew 28:16-20

The Prediction of His Death (4th Mention) (vv.1-2)

 And it came to pass when Jesus had finished all these sayings, he said to his disciples, 2 Ye know that after two days the passover takes place, and the Son of man is delivered up to be crucified. vv.1-2 This is now the last of four predictions given by the Lord concerning His death in Jerusalem.

The Council of the Sanhedrin: the Plot to Kill Jesus (vv.3-5)

3 Then the chief priests and the elders of the people were gathered together to the palace of the high priest who was called Caiaphas, 4 and took counsel together in order that they might seize Jesus by subtlety and kill him; 5 but they said, Not in the feast, that there be not a tumult among the people. 

The Anointing at Bethany, the Lord's Defense of the Woman (vv.6-13)

 6 But Jesus being in Bethany, in Simon the leper’s house, 7 a woman, having an alabaster flask of very precious ointment, came to him and poured it out upon his head as he lay at table. 8 But the disciples seeing it became indignant, saying, To what end was this waste? 9 for this might have been sold for much and been given to the poor. 10 But Jesus knowing it said to them, Why do ye trouble the woman? for she has wrought a good work toward me. 11 For ye have the poor always with you, but me ye have not always. 12 For in pouring out this ointment on my body, she has done it for my burying. 13 Verily I say to you, Wheresoever these glad tidings may be preached in the whole world, that also which this woman has done shall be spoken of for a memorial of her. 

Judas’ Agreement to Betrayal and According Payment (vv.14-16)

 14 Then one of the twelve, he who was called Judas Iscariote, went to the chief priests 15 and said, What are ye willing to give me, and *I* will deliver him up to you? And they appointed to him thirty pieces of silver. 16 And from that time he sought a good opportunity that he might deliver him up. 

Passover Evening (vv.17-35)

Preparation for the Passover (vv.17-19)

 17 Now on the first day of the feast of unleavened bread, the disciples came to Jesus, saying, Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the passover? 18 And he said, Go into the city unto such a one, and say to him, The Teacher says, My time is near, I will keep the passover in thy house with my disciples. 19 And the disciples did as Jesus had directed them, and they prepared the passover. 

Judas' Betrayal Foretold at Supper (vv.20-25)

20 And when the evening was come he lay down at table with the twelve. 21 And as they were eating he said, Verily I say to you, that one of you shall deliver me up. 22 And being exceedingly grieved they began to say to him, each of them, Is it *I*, Lord? 23 But he answering said, He that dips his hand with me in the dish, *he* it is who shall deliver me up. 24 The Son of man goes indeed, according as it is written concerning him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of man is delivered up; it were good for that man if he had not been born. 25 And Judas, who delivered him up, answering said, Is it *I*, Rabbi? He says to him, *Thou* hast said. 

The Lord's Supper Instituted (vv.26-30)

 26 And as they were eating, Jesus, having taken the bread and blessed, broke it and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat: this is my body. 27 And having taken the cup and given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it. 28 For this is my blood, that of the new covenant, that shed for many for remission of sins. 29 But I say to you, that I will not at all drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in the kingdom of my Father. 30 And having sung a hymn, they went out to the mount of Olives. 

The Prediction of the Disciples' Offense and Peter’s Denials (vv.31-35)

31 Then saith Jesus to them, All *ye* shall be offended in me during this night. For it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered abroad. 32 But after that I shall be risen, I will go before you to Galilee. 33 And Peter answering said to him, If all shall be offended in thee, *I* will never be offended. 34 Jesus said to him, Verily I say to thee, that during this night, before the cock shall crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. 35 Peter says to him, If I should needs die with thee, I will in no wise deny thee. Likewise said all the disciples also. 

Gethsemane (vv.36-46)

Peter, James, and John Invited, the Lord's First Prayer (vv.36-39)

 36 Then Jesus comes with them to a place called Gethsemane, and says to the disciples, Sit here until I go away and pray yonder. 37 And taking with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, he began to be sorrowful and deeply depressed. 38 Then he says to them, My soul is very sorrowful even unto death; remain here and watch with me. 39 And going forward a little he fell upon his face, praying and saying, My Father, if it be possible let this cup pass from me; but not as *I* will, but as *thou* wilt. 

"Not My Will". The Lord's satisfaction (John 4:34), the Lord's will (John 5:30); and the Lord's purpose in coming into this world (John 6:38) was ever to do the Father's will. This time in the garden is the only time the Lord ever expressed His own will as different than His Father's (if it be possible, remove this cup... or, if there is any other way)... but then immediately He says "but not as I will, but thine be done". Why wasn't the "cup" of wrath the Lord's will? Because, as the eternal Son of God, as the One who was always in the bosom of the Father (affection-place, where he always knew the father’s love), He could not find his meat (or, satisfaction) in the wrath of God. And yet He submits to the Father's will, and so "Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered." (Read Heb 5:7-9).

He Find the Disciples Sleeping, the Lord's Second Prayer (vv.40-42)

40 And he comes to the disciples and finds them sleeping, and says to Peter, Thus ye have not been able to watch one hour with me? 41 Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed is ready, but the flesh weak. 42 Again going away a second time he prayed saying, My Father, if this cannot pass from me unless I drink it, thy will be done. 

They Continue Sleeping, the Lord's Third Prayer (vv.43-46)

43 And coming he found them again sleeping, for their eyes were heavy. 44 And leaving them, he went away again and prayed the third time, saying the same thing. 45 Then he comes to the disciples and says to them, Sleep on now and take your rest; behold, the hour has drawn nigh, and the Son of man is delivered up into the hands of sinners. 46 Arise, let us go; behold, he that delivers me up has drawn nigh. 

The Arrest of Christ (vv.47-56)

Judas' Betrayal By a Kiss, the Arrest Made (vv.47-50)

 47 And while he was yet speaking, behold, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great crowd with swords and sticks from the chief priests and elders of the people. 48 Now he that delivered him up had given them a sign, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, he it is: seize him. 49 And immediately coming up to Jesus he said, Hail, Rabbi, and covered him with kisses. 50 But Jesus said to him, My friend, for what purpose art thou come? Then coming up they laid hands upon Jesus and seized him. 

The Ear of High Priest's Servant Taken Off By a Disciples (v.51)

51 And behold, one of those with Jesus stretched out his hand and drew his sword, and smiting the bondman of the high priest took off his ear. 

Three Reasons Not to Use the Sword (vv.52-54)

If You Live By the Sword, You Will Perish By the Sword (v.52)

52 Then saith Jesus to him, Return thy sword to its place; for all who take the sword shall perish by the sword. 

If He Needed a Defense He Would Get it From the Father (v.53)

53 Or thinkest thou that I cannot now call upon my Father, and he will furnish me more than twelve legions of angels? 

The Need for the Scriptures to Be Fulfilled (v.54)

54 How then should the scriptures be fulfilled that thus it must be? 

The Lord Addresses the Conscience of the Crowds (v.55)

55 In that hour Jesus said to the crowds, Are ye come out as against a robber with swords and sticks to take me? I sat daily with you teaching in the temple, and ye did not seize me. 

The Disciples Forsake Him and Flee (v.56)

56 But all this is come to pass that the scriptures of the prophets may be fulfilled. Then all the disciples left him and fled.