- Healing at the Pool of Bethesda (5:1-16)
- The Glory of the Son of God – Equality with the Father (5:17-30)
- The Double Reason for the Lord’s Persecution by the Jews (vv.17-18)
- The Perfect Unity between the Son and the Father (vv.19-20)
- The Equality of the Son Illustrated by Two Issues (vv.21-23)
- Assurance to the Believer Regarding Life and Judgment (v.24)
- The Issues of Life-giving and Judgment belong to the Son (vv.25-29)
- The Son’s Dependence on the Father made Him a Proper Judge (v.30)
- A Four-fold Witness of the Son of God (5:31-40)
- Man’s Pride is the Root of Unbelief in God’s Testimony (5:41-47)
- ch.3 – a religious sinner – a new birth
- ch.4 – a guilty sinner – a new object
- ch.5 – a helpless sinner – a new power
Setting of the Miracle (vv.1-4)
|John 5||Acts 3-4|
|thirty and eight years||above 40 years of age|
|before the cross||after Pentecost|
|told to “sin no more”||walking, leaping, praising|
Healing of the Infirm Man on the Sabbath (vv.5-9)
- his condition – the law makes self the object. I have no man”… helpless.
- those who beat him stepping down into the water – the law encourages a spirit of competition with others.
Persecution by the Jews (vv.10-16)
The Double Reason for the Lord’s Persecution by the Jews (vv.17-18)
The Perfect Unity between the Son and the Father (vv.19-20)
The Equality of the Son Illustrated by Two Issues (vv.21-23)
Assurance to the Believer Regarding Life and Judgment (v.24)
- the issue of life – not only is the believer quickened by the son of God, but he has eternal life as a present possession! (no intermediate state).
- the issue of judgment – he does not come into eternal judgment. “out of death” – showing that all were dead in sin to begin with.
The Issues of Life-giving and Judgment belong to the Son (vv.25-29)
- The resurrection of life and the resurrection of judgment (John 5:29)
- The resurrection of the just and the resurrection of the unjust (Acts 24:15)
- The first resurrection [and the last resurrection] (Rev. 20:5)
|Those who…||Are characterized by practicing..||Go forth to the resurrection of…|
|Do not believe||Evil||Judgment|
The resurrection of the body vs. immortality of the soul. The Greek philosophers (Socrates, etc.) believed, after a fashion in the immortality of the soul; but never in the resurrection of the body. There is something about the immortality of the soul in which man may exalt himself. He may think so highly of himself as to rule out any possibility that his soul could cease to exist. There were some who believed in trans-migration of the soul to other bodies (metempsychosis), where the consciousness lives on in another body, but the resurrection of the dead is distinct. To think of dust raised again into a living person goes beyond his thoughts. Rather than compliment his pride, it strikes fear in his heart. Resurrection is a glory which belongs only to God (John 5:21). It means – terrifying thought to man – that nothing is hid from His power. Even the wicked will be raised at the last day so they can be judged at the great white throne. Not only does the natural man fail to conceive of it, but his will immediately rejects it when the idea is proposed. “And when they heard of the resurrection of the dead, some mocked.” (Acts 17:32).
The Son’s Dependence on the Father made Him a Proper Judge (v.30)
The Son would not Witness of Himself (vv.31-32)
1st witness: John the Baptist (vv.33-35)
2nd witness: the Works that the Father Gave Him to Do (v.36)
3rd witness: The Father Himself (vv.37-38)
4th witness: The Old Testament Scriptures (vv.39-40)
Complete Devotion to God vs. Desire for Human Glory (vv.41-44)
- First, he presented the Man of obedience and righteousness; the man Christ Jesus. He came not to do his own will, but the will of him that sent him. The Jews rejected him, for they have not the Love of God in them.
- Soon he will present “the man of sin” (II Thess. 2:3), who “shall do according to his own will” (Dan. 11:16); “Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders” (II Thess. 2:9). the Jews will receive him under a strong delusion… the one who is the very opposite of truth and love.