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The Creation Accounts
Genesis 1 - 2


The First Creation Narrative: Man as the End of Creation (1:1 - 2:3)

The Initial Creation of the Universe (v.1)

CHAPTER 1
1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. v.1 This beginning is that of the universe. other beginnings in scripture include: eternity (John 1:1), and Christianity (I John 1:1).

ELOHIM – In English we only have singular and plural. In the Hebrew and in classical Greek (not in New Testament Greek) we have separate works for the singular, dual, and plural. For example: singular “cherub”, plural, “cherubim”. In the very first verse of the Bible we get the trinity in the name of God. Elohim is the Hebrew word for God in plurality. Therefore Elohim could not mean two and could not me one. But the word created” is a singular verb. So we have proof of the trinity in the first verse of the Bible.

The Chaotic State (v.2)

2 And the earth was waste and empty, and darkness was on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters. v.2 We have the Spirit of God mentioned first as an individual Person of the Godhead

A “gap” between Gen. 1:2 and Gen. 1:3 is not precluded by scripture for the following reasons:
  1. there is a difference in the word “created [bara]” as in v.1 from the words “made [asa]” and “formed [yasar]”.  Created” has to do with bringing something into existence that had never existed before and using no existing material. “Made” has to do with taking previously created material and making something new and different. “Formed” has to do with taking something that has been made and reshaping it into a different form for a particular purpose. On days 1, 2, 3, and 4 God was making only, on day 5 God was making and creating, and on day 6 God was making creating and forming. “Created” is the word used in v.1. Isa. 45:18 says that after the initial creation, “He formed it to be inhabited.” This seems to refer to the reconstruction described in the six days of creation.
  2. the word “was” (“hayah” in Hebrew) in v.2 should more properly be translated into the English word “became”. This supports the idea that the original creation of heaven and earth was pristine, and then in time, it passed into a chaotic state. The word “hayah” occurs 17 times in Genesis and is translated “be”, “being”, “became”, or “began” in 14 of 17 times. The three exceptions are Gen. 1:2, 3:1, and 11:3 – in each case “be came” or “began to be” would have been more consistent.
  3. the first two verses are separate from the six days of creation. Exodus 20:11 says “For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day.” We know this because the verb tenses change from past (God “created” and the earth “became”) in vs. 1-2 to present (God “is saying” and the earth “is becoming”) in v.3-31.
  4. Paul, in II Corinthians 4:6, correlates the state of the universe before the 1st day – when the reconstruction began – to man’s sinful condition; i.e. “God commanded the light to shine out of darkness”.  God would not create the universe in a state that the Holy Ghost later correlates to sinful and under judgment.

The 1st Day: Division of Day and Night (vv.3-5)

3 And God said, Let there be light. And there was light. 4 And God saw the light that it was good; and God divided between the light and the darkness. 5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening, and there was morning -- the first day. v.5 Man’s day begins and ends with midnight, but God’s day ends with glorious morning.

The 2nd Day: Separation of the Atmosphere by an Expanse (vv.6-8)

6 And God said, Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it be a division between waters and waters. 7 And God made the expanse, and divided between the waters that are under the expanse and the waters that are above the expanse; and it was so. 8 And God called the expanse Heavens. And there was evening, and there was morning -- a second day.

The 3rd Day: Formation of Land and Sea, Creation of Plant Life (vv.9-13)

9 And God said, Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together to one place, and let the dry land appear. And it was so. 10 And God called the dry land Earth, and the gathering together of the waters he called Seas. And God saw that it was good. 11 And God said, Let the earth cause grass to spring up, herb producing seed, fruit-trees yielding fruit after their kind, the seed of which is in them, on the earth. And it was so. 12 And the earth brought forth grass, herb producing seed after its kind, and trees yielding fruit, the seed of which is in them, after their kind. And God saw that it was good. 13 And there was evening, and there was morning -- a third day.

The 4th Day: Formation of the Heavenly Bodies (vv.14-19)

14 And God said, Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens, to divide between the day and the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years; 15 and let them be for lights in the expanse of the heavens, to give light on the earth. And it was so. 16 And God made the two great lights, the great light to rule the day, and the small light to rule the night, -- and the stars. 17 And God set them in the expanse of the heavens, to give light on the earth, 18 and to rule during the day and during the night, and to divide between the light and the darkness. And God saw that it was good. 19 And there was evening, and there was morning -- a fourth day.

The 5th Day: Creation of Sea Animals and Birds (vv.20-23)

20 And God said, Let the waters swarm with swarms of living souls, and let fowl fly above the earth in the expanse of the heavens. 21 And God created the great sea monsters, and every living soul that moves with which the waters swarm, after their kind, and every winged fowl after its kind. And God saw that it was good. 22 And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply on the earth. 23 And there was evening, and there was morning -- a fifth day. vv.20-23 The seas (Gentiles) did not become fruitful until after the sun (Christ) was set in its place.

The 6th Day: Creation of Land Animals, Creation of Man (vv.24-31)

24 And God said, Let the earth bring forth living souls after their kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth, after their kind. And it was so. 25 And God made the beast of the earth after its kind, and the cattle after their kind, and every creeping thing of the ground after its kind. And God saw that it was good. 26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the heavens, and over the cattle, and over the whole earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth on the earth. v.26 We see the trinity again in the creation of man: “Let US” and “our image” etc. – plurality. But then in v.27 “HIS image”, etc. – singular. Humanity has existed in three conditions in this world:
  1. Innocent humanity – Adam and eve before the fall
  2. FAllen Humanity – All men since the fall, except one
  3. Sinless Humanity – only in the Lord Jesus Christ
27 And God created Man in his image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. v.27 Eve had not been created yet, but it says “male and female”. This is Proof that Eve was in the purposes of God, not an afterthought. See Psalm 139:16. This verse is quoted in Mark 10:6.

biblical personhood. there are three things that make us a person: (1) created by God, (2) in his image, (3) male or female. Freud’s great lie was to insist that sexual desire is the primary thing that defines a person.

28 And God blessed them; and God said to them, Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the heavens, and over every animal that moveth on the earth. 29 And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb producing seed that is on the whole earth, and every tree in which is the fruit of a tree producing seed: it shall be food for you; 30 and to every animal of the earth, and to every fowl of the heavens, and to everything that creepeth on the earth, in which is a living soul, every green herb for food. And it was so. 31 And God saw everything that he had made, and behold it was very good. And there was evening, and there was morning -- the sixth day. v.31 “Good” vs. “holy” When Adam came from the hand of God, he wasgood but not holy. evil was absent, tHe was innocent. But Holiness implies the intrinsic power that rejects evil in separation to God: and righteousness means consistency with the relationship in which one is set. Both these qualities we see not in Adam but in Jesus even as to His humanity (Luke 1:35, I John 2:1).

The 7th Day: God's Rest (vv.1-3)

CHAPTER 2
1 And the heavens and the earth and all their host were finished. 2 And God had finished on the seventh day his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 3 And God blessed the seventh day, and hallowed it, because that on it he rested from all his work which God had created in making it.


The Second Creation Narrative: Man as the Center of Creation (2:4-25)

A Summary of Created Life on Earth (vv.4-7)

4 These are the histories of the heavens and the earth, when they were created, in the day that Jehovah Elohim made earth and heavens, 5 and every shrub of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew; for Jehovah Elohim had not caused it to rain on the earth, and there was no man to till the ground. 6 But a mist went up from the earth, and moistened the whole surface of the ground. 7 And Jehovah Elohim formed Man, dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and Man became a living soul. 

The Garden of Eden (vv.8-14)

8 And Jehovah Elohim planted a garden in Eden eastward, and there put Man whom he had formed. 9 And out of the ground Jehovah Elohim made every tree grow that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; and the tree of life, in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. 10 And a river went out of Eden, to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became four main streams. 11 The name of the one is Pison: that is it which surrounds the whole land of Havilah, where the gold is. 12 And the gold of that land is good; bdellium and the onyx stone are there. 13 And the name of the second river is Gihon: that is it which surrounds the whole land of Cush. 14 And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which flows forward toward Asshur. And the fourth river, that is Euphrates. 

The Headship of Man over Creation (vv.15-20)

15 And Jehovah Elohim took Man, and put him into the garden of Eden, to till it and to guard it. 16 And Jehovah Elohim commanded Man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou shalt freely eat; 17 but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it; for in the day that thou eatest of it thou shalt certainly die. 18 And Jehovah Elohim said, It is not good that Man should be alone; I will make him a helpmate, his like. 19 And out of the ground Jehovah Elohim had formed every animal of the field and all fowl of the heavens, and brought them to Man, to see what he would call them; and whatever Man called each living soul, that was its name. 20 And Man gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the heavens, and to every beast of the field; but as for Adam, he found no helpmate, his like. 

The Creation of Woman from Man, their Mysterious Union (vv.21-25)

21 And Jehovah Elohim caused a deep sleep to fall upon Man; and he slept. And he took one of his ribs and closed up flesh in its stead. 22 And Jehovah Elohim built the rib that he had taken from Man into a woman; and brought her to Man. 23 And Man said, This time it is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh: this shall be called Woman, because this was taken out of a man. 24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and cleave to his wife; and they shall become one flesh. 25 And they were both naked, Man and his wife, and were not ashamed. v.22 Adam and Eve were the only couple that we can say for sure were “meant to be” – and they had sadness in their marriage – so it wasn’t to be blamed on a choice of partners but on disobedience to the Word of God.
 
Typical Significance. There have been many applications of the seven days of creation to God's dispensational scheme. A brother named Eric James has been very helpful to me in understanding this. First, please note that "sevens" in scripture are often very important symbolical outlines. When God brings in something new He gives an outline of it symbolically at the beginning. For example; the Seven Feasts of Jehovah, the Seven Parables of the Kingdom of Heaven, and the Seven Letters to the Churches of Asia. We also know that Genesis is the seed-plot of the whole bible, and the very first chapter contains a set of seven! It is no surprise that there is a historical outline contained therein. Notice that the first three feasts of Jehovah correspond to truths that are connected with our individual Christian portion. The same is true of the first three days of Creation. The last four feasts have to do with collective truths, whether it be the Church or Israel. The same is true of the last four days of Creation. Also, these days of creation correspond to the major "biographies" that comprise the book of Genesis. 

PRE-HUMAN HISTORY
Gen. 1:1-2
Historical Meaning
Typical Meaning
 
v.1
Original Creation
Original Order
 
Heaven and Earth
Two spheres in God's Purpose
v.2
Became Waste & Empty
Ruin & Depravity of Man
 
Darkness on the Face
Absence of Spiritual Faculties
Spirit Hovering
Spirit Moves for Blessing
 
HUMAN HISTORY
7 Days
Historical Meaning
Typical Meaning
Seven Biographies
1st Day
Let there be light
The New Birth, eyes opened to perceive the Kingdom of God
Adam
revieces the breath of life.
Division of light from dark
Faith received, distinction between faith and unbelief.
2nd Day
Atmosphere (Heaven) Formed, Waters divided
Two Natures discovered (old & new), two approaches to God (works & blood), two spheres (heavenly & worldly).
Cain & Abel
two offerings, two approaches to God
3rd Day
Water Gathered together
Judgment at the Cross
Noah
the flood, salvation by the ark, a new earth
Dry Land appears
Resurrection
Grass, Herbs & Fruit Grow
Fruit Bearing begins
4th Day
Sun is set
Christ in glory
Abraham
A remnant called out, unconditional promises given
Moon is set
The Church in her relation to Him
Stars are set
Gifts given to the Church
Signs & Seasons
Israel & Prophecy Understood
5th Day
Fowls
The Mystery: her heavenly calling
Isaac
Sojourning in the land of promise
Fishes
The Gospel: ministry of reconciliation
6th Day
Land Animals
Israel: God resumes His Dealings
Jacob
Man
Christ as Son of Man is Manifested
and his son Joseph as restorer of Israel
7th Day
Sabbath
Millennial Rest
The Eternal Rest of God
Joseph
as savior of the world