- The Kingdom Sense. “Seek ye first the kingdom of God and His righteousness” (Matt. 6:33). The Lord is exhorting the disciples to recognize God’s supreme power and authority, and to practically live in consistency with Himself.
- The Promise Sense. “… Obtaining faith by the righteousness of their God and Savior Jesus Christ.” (2 Peter 1:1). This is God’s righteousness which causes Him to give what is necessary to fulfill His own promises! In this case, faith to unbelieving Jews.  This sense is peculiar to the faithful remnant which God ever has in Israel, to whom pertain the promises.
- The Gospel Sense. “Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God” (Romans 3:25). In Romans we have a righteousness that justifies the sinner through the faith of Christ. The gospel sense seems to be the primary sense in which this phrase occurs.
- The Righteousness of God is God’s total and absolute consistency in His actions with who He is in His own character. It is revealed in the Gospel (Romans 1:17) “therein is the righteousness of God revealed”; i.e. the Gospel explains how God can be “just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus”. It is also displayed in God’s dealings with Israel during the Times of the Gentiles, and in their future restoration (Romans 9, 10, and 11).
- The Righteousness of Christ is His consistency with His own character (displayed in His life as a man). Without this there is no Savior.
“How commonly this [the term “righteousness of God”] is quoted from such scriptures as Romans 3: 21-26, as if it meant the righteousness of Christ. Is not this serious confusion? What then is the righteousness of God? and what is the righteousness of Christ? Righteousness is perfect consistency of character and actions, according to the relation of one being to others, or with himself. Thus the righteousness of God is the perfect harmony of His attributes in His dealings with all created beings ― perfect consistency with Himself, and that in justifying the ungodly sinner. What is the righteousness of Christ? and then what is the redemption that He has wrought? There is not exactly such an expression in Scripture as the righteousness of Christ; 2 Peter 1: 1 is the nearest to it. But there His Godhead is spoken of. We may say, however, the Gospels present the only perfect righteous Man that ever trod this earth: perfect, and in absolute harmony with the mind and will of God, consistent with every relationship in which He stood.” 
- The Righteousness of Man is man’s consistency in all of his relationships and responsibility before the eye of a Holy God – all men are unrighteous as far as God is concerned, “as it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one.” Romans 3:10.
“When man’s mouth is closed in guilt, God can open His in grace; and so He does. He was entitled to ask for righteousness. Man is all wrong; there is no righteousness in him. That has been proved already. The only righteousness, therefore, is God’s. What it fully means, what its basis is, and how it avails for the blessing of man, are other questions.” 
- Refuse a sinner entrance to heaven.
- Send a guilty sinner to the Lake of Fire.
- Require a propitiatory sacrifice to vindicate the throne of God.
- Administer the fatal stroke of judgment to the Savior hanging on the cross.
- Raise the Lord Jesus from the dead.
- Bring Him back to heaven and seat Him at His own right hand.
- Give Him a Name which is above every name, etc.
- Justify the sinner that believes in Jesus. (This is what is emphasized in Romans.)
“It is not the righteousness of God imputed, nor the righteousness of Christ; but it is the believer imputed, or reckoned, righteous by faith. It is not so much righteousness set over to the sinner’s account, but it is the believing sinner accounted righteous while he is not righteous.” 
That I may be found in him, not having my righteousness, which [would be] on the principle of law, but that which is by faith of Christ, the righteousness which [is] of God through faith.” Philippians 3:9
“In this chapter [Romans 5] we have the two heads with their respective families – Adam and his family, Christ and His family. It is the disobedient one, and the obedient One; the one offense, and the one righteousness. Adam by one offense – one act of disobedience – involved his whole family in ruin. Christ by one righteousness-one unbroken act of obedience-secured a standing righteousness before God for all His family. By Adam’s one act, his whole family were constituted sinners; by Christ’s one act, His whole family were constituted righteous. This one act of Christ includes His whole work in life and in death.” 
“But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption.” 1 Cor. 1:30
- Kelly, W. The Righteousness of God: What Is It? London, 1910.
- Stanley, Charles. “The Righteousness of God”. G. Morrish.
- “Substitution and Righteousness.” Selected Ministry of A.H. Rule: Taken from Tracts, Pamphlets, Periodicals, and Letters, by A. H. Rule, vol. 1, Bible Truth Publishers, 1953.