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Harvest and Vintage Judgments

The Harvest & Vintage are "the judgment of the quick" (Acts 10:42; 2 Tim. 4:1; 1 Peter 4:5) or living, which is when the Lord will deal with the living persons on earth, at the START of the Millennium. It is in contrast to the "judgment of the dead" which occurs at the END of the Millennium (Rev. 20: 11-15), when those who have died without faith will be raised to stand before the great white throne, and then be cast into the Lake of Fire. See notes on the judgment of the quick and the dead.

The Harvest Judgment (Rev. 14:14-16) will take place between 1278 days and 1290 days measured from the middle of Daniel's seventieth week. It will only involve the prophetic earth (Israel and Europe). If it was the entire world then Gog wouldn't be able to come down against them after the harvest. The Lord was marked out as the One who would "baptize with fire" (Matt.3:11). This is what Christ as the Son of man sitting on the cloud will do with the Christian testimony at the harvest judgment. Those who have made a false profession of Christianity will be taken by the angels and cast into the lake of fire (Mat. 13:41-42).

The Vintage (Winepress) Judgment (Rev. 14:17-20) will take place at 1335 days measured from the middle of Daniel's seventieth week. It may be the only time in Revelation when the second attack of the Assyrian comes in... only by indirect reference. Those destroyed are Russia (Ezek. 38-39), many confederate atheistic nations (Micah 4:11-12, Joel 3:2), and the rebels of the ten tribes (Ezek. 20:35-38). The winepress judgment is referred to a “Jehovah’s sacrifice in Bozrah and slaughter in Edom” because Bozrah was the capital of Edom (Isa. 34:2-6). The nations will come up in vast hordes, Russia in the lead, coming up “like a cloud to cover the land.” The land of Edom is where the proud (Zeph. 3:11) and the rebellious (Ezek. 20:38) of the ten tribes will be trapped, at the “border” (Ezek. 11:10). The Lord will personally “plead” with them “face to face” (Ezek. 20:35)… but they will be “stubborn and rebellious” (Deut. 21:18-23). The border land to the south of Israel (Edom) is referred to as the Lord’s “threshing floor” (Micah 4:11-12). There the Lord with “sift” the ten tribes “like as corn is sifted in a sieve” (Amos 9:9-10). Ninety percent of the returning ten tribes will be destroyed (Isa. 6:13). “The Lord also shall roar out of Zion” (Joel 3:16) and destroy Russia specifically “upon the mountains of Israel” (Ezek. 39:2). The “valley of Jehoshaphat” (Joel 3:1, 12-13) also called without the city (Rev. 14:20) is where the winepress begins. It continues 1600 stadia, or 200 miles… approximately the distance from the valley of Jehoshaphat to the south of Edom. The "vine of the earth", who are the rebels of the ten tribes, will be caught up in the vortex of judgment. The carnage will be so tremendous that the blood will be "to the horses bits". Horses speak of human agencies, all are in vain against the Lord. As He stamps personally upon His enemies, it will be His "fury", not His love, that will sustain Him (Isa. 63:1-6).