- “watch of the King’s house” – with regard to prophecy and the King / Kingdom.
- “Gate of the foundation” – the doctrine of the Gospel, Standing of the believer, nature and hopes of the church.
- “Front gate behind the guard” – truth of the mystery and Eph. 6 Warfare. The great revealed Secret that is in the front of Satan’s attack.
jehoshaphat, son & grandson
ahab & son
- East – those who don’t see their death and resurrection with Christ… want to settle down here.
- North – those who “stay away” from the Lord for too long.
The first assyrian captivity occurred after Pekah’s unprovoked attack on jerusalem in concert with rezin king of damascus (II Kings 16:5). He slew in his fierce anger 120,000 jews in one day (II Chron. 28:6) but ahaz made an alliance with Assyria (II kings 16:7). Tiglath-pileser’s invasion and devastation was Pekah’s reward for his evil counsel against the house of David (Isa. 7:4-6).
Assyria takes Israel Captive (vv.9-12)
Hezekiah initially falters when assyria advances (vv.13-16)
vv.17-18 The setting of the spiritual attack
- the Tartan – the king’s general at the head of his armies
- the Rabsaris – the king’s personal chamberlain
- the Rab-shakeh – the king’s political mouthpiece
vv.19-20 (#1) Doubting that Hezekiah had strength and wisdom
- Counsel – understanding of military strategy, and intelligence as to terrain, and placement of enemy forces
- strength – raw military force, number of regiments, seige weapons, etc.
Hezekiah did have counsel and strength for the war, but it wasn’t human… it was divine.
v.21 (#2) Falsely Insinuating that Hezekiah was Trusting in Egypt
v.22 (#3) Twisting Hezekiah’s Faithfulness to doubt his devotion
v.23A (#4) Offer to Judah aid in a mutiny against Hezekiah
Vv.23B-24 (#5) calls attention to Judah’s weakness
v.25 (#6) Claiming that the Lord was on Assyria’s side
vv.26-28 the Purpose to greatly discourage the men on the wall
v.29 (#7) doubting hezekiah’s honesty and leadership
v.30 (#8) doubting Hezekiah’s faith in the Lord’s ability to deliver
vv.31-32 (#9) Promise of peace and prosperity if they capitulated
vv.33-35 (#10) Arguing that Jehovah was no greater than other Gods
vv.36-37 the people’s recourse in the time of extremedy
v.1 Step #1: be humbled by the circumstances, take it seriously
vv.2-5 Step #2: bring the matter to the Lord in prayer
vv.6-7 Step #3: Listen to the Word of God
- acknowledging God’s ownership and care for his people. Jehovah, the name by which God had revealed himself in that Dispensation (Ex. 3:14). In our day it would be appropriate to address him as Father (john 20:17). God, elohim, the mighty God, is always included regardless of dispensation. of Israel – acknowledging God’s ownership and care for his people. the equivalent of praying to “our Loving God and Father”.
- Acknowleging god’s holy nature and holy requirements
- Acknowleging god’s unchanging character.
- Acknowleging God’s soverignty over all nation.
- Acknowleging God’s creatorial power
v.20 The Lord had heard hezekiah’s prayer
20 And Isaiah the son of Amoz sent to Hezekiah, saying, Thus saith Jehovah the God of Israel: That which thou hast prayed to me concerning Sennacherib king of Assyria I have heard.
v.21 God’s people could have absolute confidence in His victory
21 This is the word that Jehovah has spoken against him: The virgin-daughter of Zion despiseth thee, laugheth thee to scorn; The daughter of Jerusalem shaketh her head at thee. v.21 When god’s people justify him as hezekiah had, then God justifies the character and honor of His people, guilty but humbled. He refers to Judah as “The virgin-daughter of ZION” … the object of god’s graCE, the earthly bride of Jehovah. In dependence and confidence on the lord, they can laugh as the enemies of God’s people, knowing that… (see next verse).
vv.22-24 Jehovah’s discernment of the underlying blasphemy
22 Whom hast thou reproached and blasphemed? and against whom hast thou exalted the voice? Against the Holy one of Israel hast thou lifted up thine eyes on high. v.22 …anyone who blasphemes God after that manner is destined for defeat. It isn’t israel that Sennacherib is blaspheming, but the Holy one of Israel.
- I have come up to the mountain…
- I will cut down tall cedars…
- and I will enter the Forest…
- I have digged waters…
- I have dried up streams
Confident that he would secure a victory over “the nest” the land of Judah, Sennacherib’s pride rose to new heights… read Isa. 10:13-14.
vv.25-26 Assyrian’s success was due to them being the Lord’s rod
25 Hast thou not heard long ago that I have done it? And that from ancient days I formed it? Now have I brought it to pass, that thou shouldest lay waste fortified cities into ruinous heaps. 26 And their inhabitants were powerless, They were dismayed and put to shame; They were as the growing grass, and as the green herb, As the grass on the housetops, and grain blighted before it be grown up. vv.25-26 He had been the rod of the wrath of God, who had given him this power from long before, but he had become proud of his success and had not feared to lift himself up against God. In Isa. 10:15 the assyrian is called “the axe”, “the saw”, “the rod”, and “the staff”… all tools in the hand fo the Lord. They are called “Jehovah’s Army” in Joel 2:11+25. But they were grown proud and lifted up against the Lord. The result would be that after the useful purpose of that “tool” was accomplished, the Lord would destroy the assyrian.
vv.27-28 Assyrian’s “rage” would result in their Destruction
27 But I know thine abode, and thy going out, and thy coming in, And thy raging against me. v.27 the Lord knew that underneath their militaristic foreign policy was a hatred for Jehovah.
vv.29-31 Prophetic Sign given the Hezekiah
29 And this shall be the sign unto thee: They shall eat this year such as groweth of itself, And in the second year that which springeth of the same; But in the third year sow ye and reap, And plant vineyards and eat the fruit thereof. v.29 now the Lord turns to Hezekiah and speaks. The sign is prophetic of the Jewish remnant in the latter days:
- first year they would eat that which would grow from the fallen grain, a poor harvest, but which would keep them from dying of hunger.
- second year there would be a strength of growth
- Third year the harvest and the fruit of the vine should come.
30 And the remnant that is escaped of the house of Judah Shall again take root downward, and bear fruit upward; 31 For out of Jerusalem shall go forth a remnant, And out of mount Zion they that escape: The zeal of Jehovah of hosts shall do this. vv.30-31 The sign explained: the “crop” is the Jewish Remnant. First – During the tribulation, the remnant will be deeply persecuted, and will exist only in survival mode. second – when the Lord appears they will recieive a boost of strength, when their eyes behold him. Third – the remnant will form the nucleus of the nation in the millennium.
vv.32-34 Jehovah’s promise to deliver Judah from the Assyrian
v.1 Hezekiah’s sickness
vv.2-3 Hezekiah’s Prayer
vv.4-7 The Lord’s Answer
- for mine own sake – to maintain his own glory
- for my servant David’s sake – the remain faithful to his promises.
vv.8-11 The sign of hezekiah’s Recovery
- the assyrian – an external attack that revealed his faith
- Sickness – a personal trial that revealed his weakness
- the men from babylon – a private attack that exploited his pride.
why not presented chronologically? see notes on v.1.
- What said these men? – Hezekiah doesn’t answer this question… perhaps because he had done all the talking?
- from whence came they? – hezekiah answers this question. they were from babylon, the place of confusion… in our terms, they were men of this world, a “far country” INDEED (Luke 15:13). THAT SHOULD have been all he needed to know to have his guard up. so should we in our assemblies, homes, and personal lifes.
- What have they seen in thy house? – notice how he says “my house” and “my treasures”. These things were really the Lord’s, but under the influence of flattery, he began to think of them as his! before he knew is, the enemy had become aquainted with every aspect of his house.
16 And Isaiah said to Hezekiah, Hear the word of Jehovah: 17 Behold, days come that all that is in thy house, and what thy fathers have laid up until this day, shall be carried to Babylon; nothing shall be left, saith Jehovah. v.17 this is how those vessels ended up in the drunken feast in Daniel 5.
vv.3-9 institution of idolatry and sin against the Lord’s name
- his nation – the Lord removed his protecting hand
- his family – his son was very wicked
- himself – he himself was deprived of the privilege of burial with the kings.
- He is characterized by individual piety;
- He has an interest in the House of God – repairing it;
- He has an appreciation for and sumission to the word of god. finds the Word of God, trembles at it, etc.
- He understood that there was going to be judgment on israel, but that he was going to be taken out of the world before judgment, i.e. the Church is not appointed unto wrath. Not just “from the tribulation” but “out of the hour” of it (JND);
- He spreads the Word to the people; the fact that judgment was coming motivated him to reform the nation even though he knew he would be personally spared.
- He gets rid of idolatry – first from the Temple. He didn’t respect the failures of his fathers, but he went all the way back to the beginning because he had the authority of the Word of God. He didn’t stop at Miscellaneous, but went all the was back to “David his father”. He goes back to the beginning. The Reformers didn’t go all the way back – their revival was based on the individual faith of Martin Luther and a few others, just like Hezekiah’s. John’s first epistle insists on that which was from the beginning. We need to walk in the full truth of the Apostles’ doctrine. We need to turn our back on the Camp;
- he keeps the Passover, which has the same to aspects as the Lord’s Supper. It looked back to the deliverance from Egypt and on to the Sacrifice of Christ. The Lord’s Supper carries us back to Christ in death.
Josiah vs. hezekiah. there are two great revivals in the history of Judah, paralleling the history of the church. Hezekiah’s recovery is based on Hezekiah’s individual faith in the face of great opposition and persecution. Josiah’s recovery began with Josiah’s obedience and led to the rediscovery of the word of god, during a time of remarkable peace. These two recoveries parallel the reformation (1500’s) and the recovery of the truth (1800’s).
- Jehoahaz – died in Egypt (2 Kings 23:31; 2 Chr. 36:1-4). a picture of getting swallowed up by the things of this world, (i john 2:15-16).
- Jehoiakim – died in the land trying to resist the king of babylon. he cut in pieces the word of god and tried to arrest Jeremiah of Baruch. A picture of a life ruined by rebellion against the word and government of god.
- Jehoiachin – taken to babylon but preserved because he listened to Jeremiah, later partially restored. a picture of a life characterized by sin, but later repentance and restoration.
- Zedekiah – his sons slain before his eyes, then his eyes put out, then taken to babylon. he was warned many tiesby Jeremiah against his course, and was advised to submit to Babylon. When the city was taken, Zedekiah, with his wives and children, attempted to escape, but he was captured. a picture of a life of rebellion against the word of god.
the same is true for the church in its closing days of testimony. some are scattered this way or that way. the only desirable conclusion is jehoichin’s… we need to submit to the government of god and he will make a way through it.
- Jehoahaz – the liberal churches (catholic, united, etc.)?
- Jehoiakim – the charismatic churches?
- Jehoiachin – evangelicals and gathered saints?
- Zedekiah – the reformed churches?